Complutense University Library

The Spanish pattern of aid giving

Tezanos Vázquez, Sergio (2008) The Spanish pattern of aid giving. [Working Paper or Technical Report]


Official URL:

View download statistics for this eprint

==>>> Export to other formats


The geographical allocation of Spanish aid has been little studied, despite the fact that it is
unusually concentrated on middle-income countries. This paper sets out a model of Spanish
ODA policy based on a mixture of recipient needs, donor interests and effectiveness
considerations. Moreover it analyses both the aid-partner selection process and the eventual
aid-quota allocation. The results show that Spain has followed an eclectic pattern of aid
allocation, involving recipient needs, but where self-interest predominates and performance
criteria are absent. The apparently insufficient progressiveness of the Spanish allocation is
due mainly to the influence of the post-colonial links –although these links have
characterized the geographical specialization of all donor countries that were once colonial
La asignación geográfica de la ayuda española ha sido poco estudiada, a pesar de su inusual
concentración en los países de ingreso medio. Este artículo propone un modelo explicativo
del patrón de asignación de la AOD española que combina variables relativas a las
necesidades de los países socios, variables de interés de política exterior española y
condicionantes de eficacia. Asimismo, se analiza tanto el proceso de selección de países
socios, como la decisión final de asignación de cuotas de ayuda. Los resultados muestran que
España ha seguido un patrón ecléctico de asignación, en el que se combinan factores de
necesidad relativa de los países socios e intereses de política exterior, pero preponderándose
estos últimos y desconsiderándose, en ocasiones, otros criterios de eficacia. La
aparentemente insuficiente progresividad de la ayuda española se debe principalmente a la
influencia de los vínculos post-coloniales –vínculos que han caracterizado los patrones de
especialización geográfica del resto de países donantes que fueron metrópoli coloniales.

Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Official development assistance (ODA), Aid allocation, geographical specialization, Aid effectiveness, Recipients’ needs, Donor’s interests, Ayuda oficial al desarrollo (AOD), Asignación de la ayuda, Especialización geográfica, Eficacia de la ayuda, Necesidades de los receptores, Intereses de los donantes.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Economic cooperation
Series Name:Working Papers
ID Code:9927

Alesina, A., and Weder, B. (2002) “Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?”, American Economic Review, 92 (4), pp. 1126-37.

Alonso, J.A. (1999) “Especialización sectorial y geográfica de la ayuda española” Revista de Información Comercial Española, 778, pp. 119–142.

Alonso, J.A. (2003) “Globalización, desigualdad internacional y eficacia de la ayuda”, in Alonso, J.A. and Fitzgerald, V. (Eds.) Financiación del desarrollo y coherencia en las políticas de los donantes (Madrid, Catarata).

Berthelemy, J.C. and Tichit, A. (2002) “Bilateral donor’s aid allocation decisions”,UNU-WIDER Discussion paper, 2002/123.

BOE (Boletín oficial del Estado). (1998) Ley 23/1998, de 7 de julio, de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo, 162.

Burnside, C. and Dollar, D. (1997) “Aid, policies and growth”,World Bank Working Paper, 1777.

Burnside, C. and Dollar, D. (2004) “Aid, policies and growth: revisiting the evidence”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 3251. CIA (2005) The World Fact Book, in

Collier, P. and Dollar, D. (2001) “Can the world cut poverty in half? How policy reform and effective aid can meet international development goals”,World Development, 29 (11), pp. 1787– 1802.

Collier, P. and Dollar, D. (2002) “Aid allocation and poverty reduction”,European Economic Review, 26, pp. 1475–1500.

Devarajan, S. y Swaroop, V. (1998) “The implications of foreign aid fungibility for development assistance”,World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 2002.

Dudley, L. and Montmarquette, C. (1976) “A model of the supply of bilateral foreign aid”,American Economic Review, 66 (1), pp. 132–142.

Feyzioglu, T., Swaroop, V. y Zhu, M. (1998) “A panel data analysis of the fungibility of foreign aid”, World Bank Economic Review, 12 (1), pp. 29–58

Feeny, S. (2003) “What determines foreign aid to Papua New Guinea? An inter-temporal model of aid allocation”, UNU-WIDER discussion paper, WDP 2003/05:1-37, UNU-WIDER.

Feeny, S., and MCGillivray, M. (2002) “Modelling inter-temporal aid allocation”, CREDIT, 02/10:[1]-24, University of Nottingham. Isopi, A. and Mavrotas, G. (2006) “Aid allocation and aid effectiveness: an empirical analysis”, UNU-WIDER Discussion paper, Nº 2006/07.

Jones, S., Riddell, R. and Kotoglou, K. (2005) “Aid Allocation Criteria: Managing for Development Results and Difficult Partnerships, paper presented at The Oxford Policy Management” en DAC Learning and Advisory Process on Difficult Partnerships, in:

Lahiri, S. and Raimondos-M∅ller, P. (2000) “Lobbying by ethnic gropus and aid allocation”, The Economic Journal, 12 (9), pp. 879–900.

Levitt, M.S. (1968) “The allocation of economic aid in practice”, The Manchester School of Economics and Social Studies, 36 (2), pp. 131–147. MAE (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación) (2005) Plan Director de la Cooperación Española 2005-2008, in:

Maizels, A. and Nissanke, M.K. (1984) “Motivations for aid to developing countries”, World Development, 12 (9), pp. 879–900.

Marshall, M.G. and Jaggers, K. (2005) Polity IV Project: political regime characteristics and transitions, Center for Global Policy, School of Public Policy, George Manson University, in

McGillivray, M. (2003a) “Descriptive and prescriptive analyses of aid allocations. Approaches, issues and consequences”, UNU-WIDER Discussion paper, 2003/21.

McGillivray, M. (2003b) “Aid effectiveness and selectivity”, UNU-WIDER Discussion paper, 2003/71.

McGillivray, M. and Oczkowski, E. (1992) “A two-part sample selection model of British bilateral aid allocation”, Applied Economics, 24, pp. 1311–1319.

McGillivray, M. and White, H. (1993) “Explanatory studies of aid allocation among developing countries: a critical survey” Institute of Social Studies Working Paper, 148, The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

McKinlay, R.D. and Little, R. (1977) “A foreign policy model of US bilateral aid allocation”, World Politics, XXX (1), pp. 58–86.

Neumayer, E. (2003) “The pattern of aid giving: the impact of good governance on development assistance”, Routledge, London.

OECD: DAC (2002) Development co-operation review: Spain, OECD, Development Assistance Committee, Paris.

OECD: DAC (2005) Development Database on Aid from DAC Members: DAC online, OECD.Stat , in:

Pack, H. and Pack, J. (2003) “Foreign aid and the question of fungibility”, Review of Economics and Statistics, pp. 423–437.

Sánchez Alcázar, E.J. (1999) “Modelos de distribución de la ayuda: el caso español”, in Alonso, J.A. and Mosley, P. (Eds.) La eficacia de la cooperación internacional al desarrollo: evaluación de la ayuda (Madrid, Civitas).

Tarp, F., Bach, C.F., Hansen, H. and Baunsgaard, S. (1999) “Danish aid policy. Theory and empirical evidence, in Gupta”, K.L. (ed.), Foreign aid: new perspectives, Chapter 9, pp. 149-69 (Massachusetts, Kluwer Academic Publishers).

Tezanos, S. (2007) “The Geographical Allocation Pattern of Spanish Official Development Assistance”, Queen Elizabeth House Working Paper Series, 158, University of Oxford. 31

Tezanos, S. (2008) “Modelos teóricos y empíricos de asignación geográfica de la ayuda al desarrollo”, Principios, Estudios de Economía Política, 10, pp. 5-41.

UNITED NATIONS (2005) COMTRADE, United Nations Publications, New York. WORLD BANK (1998) “Assessing aid. What works, what doesn’t, and why”, Oxford University Press, New York.

WORLD BANK (2006), World Development Indicators 2006, Washington, CD-Rom.

Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 12:33
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 08:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page