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Factors affecting innovation revisited

Molero Zayas, José and García, Antonio (2008) Factors affecting innovation revisited. [ Working Papers; nº WP05-0, ]


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El propósito de este trabajo es contribuir a un mejor conocimiento de los factores que afectan a la innovación mediante el análisis de los microdatos de la encuesta de innovación de las empresas españolas de 2003. El estudio se aborda desde la elaboración de una taxonomía de sectores combinando las Ventajas Tecnológicas Reveladas de la industria española con el dinamismo tecnológico mundial; además se introduce una clasificación de las empresas en función de la pertenencia o no a un grupo de empresas y de si esos grupos son de nacionalidad española o extranjera. Se utilizan técnicas de Análisis Factorial para reducir y organizar la abundante información disponible en Factores con significado económico que después son empleados como variables explicativas de la innovación de producto y de proceso. Se encuentran diferencias entre ambos tipos de innovación tanto por el número de factores significativos como en la intensidad de su capacidad explicativa. La taxonomía elaborada muestra su importancia al mostrar patrones de comportamiento distintos entre los cuatro tipos de casos construidos.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of factors affecting innovation by analysing the Spanish manufacturing sector using microdata of the 2003 Spanish Innovation Survey. To enrich the analysis a self developed sectoral taxonomy is used coming from the combination of both of the sectoral Revealed Technological Advantages (RTA) and worldwide technological dynamism of the sectors; moreover firms are classified according to the type of capital ownership: independent companies, companies belonging to a national group and subsidiaries of multinational enterprises. The abundance and heterogeneity of variables advised us to use Factor analysis to reduce and organise the original variables into a number of consistent and theoretically significant factors. We found differences between product and process innovation, both in number of explicative variables (significant independent variables) and in relative effect of independent variables (even, in some cases, a sign change from product to process innovation). Taxonomy matters because of some differences in explanatory (independent) variables for each sector and model explanatory power differences between sectors, and, on the other hand, because of the “non significance” of some significant variables once we control by sectoral taxonomy.

Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Innovation, Factors affecting innovation, Multinational enterprises, Sectoral taxonomies, Spain. Innovación, Empresas multinacionales, España, Taxonomía de sectores
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Business enterprises
Series Name:Working Papers
ID Code:9929

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Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 12:43
Last Modified:25 Feb 2015 13:22

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