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Factors affecting innovation revisited

Molero Zayas, José and García, Antonio (2008) Factors affecting innovation revisited. [Working Paper or Technical Report]

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Abstract

El propósito de este trabajo es contribuir a un mejor conocimiento de los factores que afectan
a la innovación mediante el análisis de los microdatos de la encuesta de innovación de
las empresas españolas de 2003. El estudio se aborda desde la elaboración de una taxonomía
de sectores combinando las Ventajas Tecnológicas Reveladas de la industria española
con el dinamismo tecnológico mundial; además se introduce una clasificación de las empresas
en función de la pertenencia o no a un grupo de empresas y de si esos grupos son
de nacionalidad española o extranjera.
Se utilizan técnicas de Análisis Factorial para reducir y organizar la abundante información
disponible en Factores con significado económico que después son empleados como variables
explicativas de la innovación de producto y de proceso. Se encuentran diferencias
entre ambos tipos de innovación tanto por el número de factores significativos como en la
intensidad de su capacidad explicativa. La taxonomía elaborada muestra su importancia al
mostrar patrones de comportamiento distintos entre los cuatro tipos de casos construidos.
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of factors affecting innovation
by analysing the Spanish manufacturing sector using microdata of the 2003 Spanish
Innovation Survey. To enrich the analysis a self developed sectoral taxonomy is used coming
from the combination of both of the sectoral Revealed Technological Advantages
(RTA) and worldwide technological dynamism of the sectors; moreover firms are classified
according to the type of capital ownership: independent companies, companies belonging
to a national group and subsidiaries of multinational enterprises. The abundance and heterogeneity
of variables advised us to use Factor analysis to reduce and organise the original
variables into a number of consistent and theoretically significant factors. We found differences
between product and process innovation, both in number of explicative variables
(significant independent variables) and in relative effect of independent variables (even, in
some cases, a sign change from product to process innovation). Taxonomy matters because
of some differences in explanatory (independent) variables for each sector and
model explanatory power differences between sectors, and, on the other hand, because of
the “non significance” of some significant variables once we control by sectoral taxonomy.

Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Innovation, Factors affecting innovation, Multinational enterprises, Sectoral taxonomies, Spain. Innovación, Empresas multinacionales, España, Taxonomía de sectores
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Business enterprises
Series Name:Working Papers
Volume:UNSPECIFIED
Number:WP05-0
ID Code:9929
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Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 12:43
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 08:34

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