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Dike-swarms, key to the reconstruction of major volcanic edifices: The basic dikes of La Gomera (Canary Islands)

Ancochea Soto, Eumenio and Brandle, J.L. and Huertas Coronel, María José and Hernán, F. and Herrera, R. (2008) Dike-swarms, key to the reconstruction of major volcanic edifices: The basic dikes of La Gomera (Canary Islands). Journal of volcanology and geothermal research , 173 (3-4). pp. 207-216. ISSN 0377-0273

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Abstract

The detailed study of the age and distribution of the basic dikes of La Gomera (Canary Islands) has allowed us to reconstruct the evolution of its main volcanic edifice. The dikes of the oldest unit (the Basal Complex) have a N70°–80° dominant direction at regional scale. On the other hand, the dikes of the post Basal Complex subaerial units are the result of local stress fields. The oldest swarm is composed of sills dated at 10.2–9.3 Ma. Four younger radial dike swarms have been identified (S1, S2, S3 and S4) with ages of 9.1–8.4 Ma; 8.2–6.7 Ma; 5.5–4.4 Ma and 5.3–4.0 Ma respectively. The reconstruction of the magmatic focus location using these swarms shows a migration southwards with an average speed of 1.6 mm/year. This temporal sequence of parallel swarms, sills and radial swarms is a pattern frequently repeated during the building of large insular volcanic edifices in the Canary Islands as well as in other archipelagos.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Basic dikes; Radial dike swarms; Sills; Volcanic edifices; Oceanic islands; Canary Islands; La Gomera
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:9955
Deposited On:26 Jan 2010 16:44
Last Modified:02 Mar 2010 08:03

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