Alonso-Zarza, Ana María and Zhao, Z. and Song, C. H. and Li, J. J. and Zhang, J. and Martín Pérez, Andrea and Martín García, Rebeca and Wang, X. X. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, M. H. (2009) Mudflat/distal fan and shallow lake sedimentation (upper Vallesian–Turolian) in the Tianshui Basin, Central China: Evidence against the late Miocene eolian loess. Sedimentary Geology, 222 . pp. 42-51. ISSN 0037-0738
Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/sedgeo
The Tianshui Basin in central China contains a thick sedimentary sequence (~1400 m) of continental deposits, Aragonian to Villafranchian (Miocene-Pliocene) in age. Intense Himalayan movements around the Paleogene/Miocene boundary triggered the uplift of mountain ranges around the Tianshui Basin, providing the deposition site for continental sediments. The sedimentary infill of the basin consists of four stratigraphic units (I to IV). This paper focuses on Unit II. Most of the accommodation space was occupied by Unit I, so during the sedimentation of Unit II, the morphology of the basin was relatively flat, promoting the development of wide distal fan/mudflat areas and wide shallow lakes. Deposits include: red mudstones, pedogenic and groundwater calcretes, reworked calcrete deposits, sheet-floods, fluvial channels, rippled sandstones/siltstones, ooidal/peloidal packstones, palustrine limestones, bioturbated marls and intraclastic limestones/marls. The characteristics and organization of the deposits indicate the gradual transition from alluvial to lake environments. Within the distal fan/mudflat, the deposition of reworked calcrete clasts as one of the most striking facies of the basin may be attributed to substantial recycling of calcrete levels and red clays. At the lake margins, the presence of ooids and palustrine limestones suggests the possibility of ramplike margins within different energy settings. The origin of some of the deposits of the basin's QA-I section is under discussion, and their consideration as eolian has been recently proposed. However, we believe this possibility is precluded by the characteristics of the deposits. Our proposal has important implications for revising the interpretation of Miocene paleoclimatic conditions in central Asia.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Tianshui basin, Lake deposits, Mudflat, Calcretes, Eolian deposits, Neogene|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Petrology|
|Deposited On:||04 Feb 2010 10:18|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2010 08:57|
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