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Methanol-Water Solution Transport in Nafion Membranes with Different Cationic Forms

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Godino Gómez, María Paz and Barragán García, Vicenta María and Izquierdo Gil, María Amparo and García Villaluenga, Juan Pedro and Seoane Rodríguez, Benjamín and Ruiz Bauzá, Carlos (2011) Methanol-Water Solution Transport in Nafion Membranes with Different Cationic Forms. Separation Science And Technology, 46 (6). pp. 944-949. ISSN 0149-6395



Abstract

Measurements of liquid transport were made with a Nafion membrane at different cationic forms. The experimental data are used to estimate the alcohol permeability when the membrane is separating water and water-methanol solutions. The obtained permeability coefficient values were useful for analyzing the influence of the substituted cations on the transport process in the membranes. In the present article, the permeability coefficient of methanol in Nafion substituted by Na+, K+, Cs+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, and Al3+ were reported at different methanol concentration values. The analysis of the results revealed that, in general, for ions with the same period in the periodic table, the alcohol permeability decreases with increasing the valence. In contrast, when ions with the same valence are compared, the alcohol permeability decreases when the atomic mass increases, with the exception of the Mg2+. As a general trend, similar alcohol permeability variation with the concentration is observed for all the cationic forms of the membrane. There is an initial increase in the permeability, and, when the methanol concentration in the solutions is about 60%, the permeability decreases with the alcohol concentration. However, in the case of trivalent ions, the methanol permeability decreases with the methanol concentration.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ion-Exchange Membranes, Angle X-Ray, Fuel-Cells, Diffusion-Coefficient, Composite Membranes, Sorption, Proton, Monovalent, Crossover, Polymer.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:20610
Deposited On:05 Apr 2013 12:12
Last Modified:24 Apr 2014 07:47

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