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Comparative study of liquid uptake and permeation characteristics of sulfonated cation-exchange membranes in water and methanol

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Barragán García, Vicenta María and García Villaluenga, Juan Pedro and Izquierdo Gil, María Amparo and Godino Gómez, María Paz and Seoane Rodríguez, Benjamín and Ruiz Bauzá, Carlos (2008) Comparative study of liquid uptake and permeation characteristics of sulfonated cation-exchange membranes in water and methanol. Journal of Membrane Science, 323 (2). pp. 421-427. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2008.06.049


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Abstract

Liquid permeation and uptake measurements of pure water and methanol were carried out using three commercial cation-exchange membranes: Nafion-117 (perfluorinated polyethylene with pendant ether-linked side chains terminated with sulfonated groups), MK-40 (microparticles of polystyrene-divinylbenzene with sulfonic groups randomly dispersed in a polyethylene matrix) and CR61-CZL-412 (crosslinked sulfonated copolymer of styrene-divinylbenzene). Methanol uptake by the Nafion-117 membrane was higher than that of water, in contrast, for MK-40 and CR61-CZL-412 membranes the opposite behavior is observed. Differences in the water and methanol liquid uptakes by the membranes were discussed in terms of the chemical interaction between the liquids and the polymers, and also on the size of the liquid molecules. On the other hand, the methanol permeation flow values through the membranes were higher than those of water for all the studied membranes.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© 2008 Elsevier B.V. The authors of this study gratefully acknowledge Prof. C. Larchet and Prof. V. Nikonenko for donating MK40 membrane samples. Financial support from Comunidad de Madrid and Universidad
Complutense de Madrid under Project CCG06-UCM/MAT-1037 is
also gratefully acknowledged.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Fuel-Cells, Nafion Membrane, Electrolyte-Solutions, Transport-Properties, Ionomer Membranes, Polar Materials, Self-Diffusion, Drinking-Water, Vapor Sorption, Ion.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:20638
Deposited On:08 Apr 2013 10:07
Last Modified:09 Mar 2016 19:40

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