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Projective representations of the inhomogeneous Hamilton group: Noninertial symmetry in quantum mechanics

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Low, Stephen and Jarvis, P.D. and Campoamor Stursberg, Otto Ruttwig (2012) Projective representations of the inhomogeneous Hamilton group: Noninertial symmetry in quantum mechanics. Annals of Physics, 327 (1). pp. 74-101. ISSN 0003-4916

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00034916


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Abstract

Symmetries in quantum mechanics are realized by the projective representations of the Lie group as physical states are defined only up to a phase. A cornerstone theorem shows that these representations are equivalent to the unitary representations of the central extension of the group. The formulation of the inertial states of special relativistic quantum mechanics as the projective representations of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group, and its
nonrelativistic limit in terms of the Galilei group, are fundamental examples. Interestingly, neither of these symmetries include the Weyl–Heisenberg group; the hermitian representations of its algebra are the Heisenberg commutation relations that are a foundation of quantum mechanics. The Weyl–Heisenberg group is a one dimensional central extension of the abelian group and its unitary representations are therefore a particular projective
representation of the abelian group of translations on phase
space. A theorem involving the automorphism group shows that
the maximal symmetry that leaves the Heisenberg commutation
relations invariant is essentially a projective representation of the inhomogeneous symplectic group. In the nonrelativistic domain, we must also have invariance of Newtonian time. This reduces the symmetry group to the inhomogeneous Hamilton group that is a local noninertial symmetry of the Hamilton equations. The projective representations of these groups are calculated using
the Mackey theorems for the general case of a nonabelian normalsubgroup.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Noninertial symmetry; Hamilton group; Mackey representations; Born reciprocity; Projective representations; Semidirect product group
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Quantum theory
ID Code:20782
Deposited On:11 Apr 2013 11:43
Last Modified:12 Dec 2018 15:12

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