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Search for an extended VHE gamma-ray emission from Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 with the MAGIC Telescope

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Antoranz Canales, Pedro and Barrio Uña, Juan Abel and Contreras González, José Luis and Fonseca González, Mª Victoria and Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel and Nieto, Daniel (2010) Search for an extended VHE gamma-ray emission from Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 with the MAGIC Telescope. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 524 . ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201014747


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Abstract

Context. Part of the very high energy gamma-ray radiation coming from extragalactic sources is absorbed through the pair production process on the extragalactic background light photons. Extragalactic magnetic fields alter the trajectories of these cascade pairs and, in turn, convert cosmic background photons to.-ray energies by inverse Compton scattering. These secondary photons can form an extended halo around bright VHE sources. Aims. We searched for an extended emission around the bright blazars Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 using the MAGIC telescope data. Methods. If extended emission is present, the angular distribution of reconstructed gamma-ray arrival directions around the source is broader than for a point-like source. In the analysis of a few tens of hours of observational data taken from Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 we used a newly developed method that provides better angular resolution. This method is based on the usage of multidimensional decision trees. Comparing the measured shapes of angular distributions with those expected from a point-like source one can detect or constrain possible extended emission around the source. We also studied the influence of different types of systematic errors on the shape of the distribution of reconstructed gamma-ray arrival directions for a point source. Results. We present upper limits for an extended emission calculated for both sources for various source extensions and emission profiles. We obtain upper limits on the extended emission around the Mrk 421 (Mrk 501) on the level of <5% (<4%) of the Crab Nebula flux above the energy threshold of 300 GeV. Using these results we discuss possible constraints on the extragalactic magnetic fields strength around a few times 10(-15) G.


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© ESO 2010. Supported by INFN Padova. We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN, the Swiss National Fund SNF, and the Spanish MICINN is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by the Polish MNiSzW Grant No. N203 390834, by the YIP of the Helmholtz Gemeinschaft, and by grant DO02-353 of the the Bulgarian National Science Fund.

Uncontrolled Keywords:TEV Energy-Spectrum, Intergalactic Magnetic-Fields, Extragalactic Background Light, Active Galactic Nuclei, Radiation-Fields, Radio Galaxy, Crab-Nebula, System, Hegra, Markarian-421.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electronics
Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:22187
Deposited On:25 Jul 2013 09:54
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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