# Convection Displacement Current and Generalized Form of Maxwell–Lorentz Equations

### Impacto

Chubykalo, Andrey E. and Smirnov Rueda, Román (1997) Convection Displacement Current and Generalized Form of Maxwell–Lorentz Equations. Modern Physics Letters A, 12 (1). pp. 1-24. ISSN 0217-7323

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## Abstract

Some mathematical inconsistencies in the conventional form of Maxwell's equations extended by Lorentz for a single charge system are discussed. To surmount these in the framework of Maxwellian theory, a novel convection displacement current is considered as additional and complementary to the famous Maxwell displacement current. It is shown that this form of the Maxwell–Lorentz equations is similar to that proposed by Hertz for electrodynamics of bodies in motion. Original Maxwell's equations can be considered as a valid approximation for a continuous and closed (or going to infinity) conduction current. It is also proved that our novel form of the Maxwell–Lorentz equations is relativistically invariant. In particular, a relativistically invariant gauge for quasistatic fields has been found to replace the non-invariant Coulomb gauge. The new gauge condition contains the famous relationship between electric and magnetic potentials for one uniformly moving charge that is usually attributed to the Lorentz transformations. Thus, for the first time, using the convection displacement current, a physical interpretation is given to the relationship between the components of the four-vector of quasistatic potentials. A rigorous application of the new gauge transformation with the Lorentz gauge transforms the basic field equations into a pair of differential equations responsible for longitudinal and transverse fields, respectively. The longitudinal components can be interpreted exclusively from the standpoint of the instantaneous "action at a distance" concept and leads to necessary conceptual revision of the conventional Faraday–Maxwell field. The concept of electrodynamics dualism is proposed for self-consistent classical electrodynamics. It implies simultaneous coexistence of instantaneous long-range (longitudinal) and Faraday–Maxwell short-range (transverse) interactions that resembles in this aspect the basic idea of Helmholtz's electrodynamics.

Item Type: Article We are grateful to Dr. V. Dvoeglazov and Professor M.W. Evans for many stimulating discussions. Authors are indebted for financial support, R. S.-R., to the Comunidad deMadrid, Spain, for the award of a Postgraduate Grant, A. Ch., to the Zacatecas University, M´exico, for a Full Professor position. Sciences > Physics > Electromagnetism 23405 04 Nov 2013 16:15 12 Dec 2018 15:08