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A MASCOTTE-based characterization of MCSs over spain, 2000-2002

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García Herrera, Ricardo and Barriopedro Cepero, David and Hernández Martín, Emiliano and Paredes, Daniel and Correoso, Juan Francisco and Prieto, L. (2005) A MASCOTTE-based characterization of MCSs over spain, 2000-2002. Atmospheric research, 73 (03-abr). pp. 261-282. ISSN 0169-8095

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.11.003


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Abstract

A 3-year Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs) database, which extends from 2000 to 2002, has been built for the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands using the objective method MASCOTTE (MAximum Spatial COrrelation Technique). It was originally developed to track the evolution of convective systems over the Amazon region; after modifications, it is able to track MCS evolution even with an hour and a half of missed images and provides essential information of both dynamical and morphological characteristics of MCSs. MASCOTTE is tested against a visual and subjective method, and is found to offer advantages such as automation and a simple and efficient operation that make it very useful for building large MCS databases. Thirty-five MCSs were found between June and October, most of them originated along the Mediterranean coast and near the Pyrenees, showing an increasing occurrence from June to September, when the maximum is found. The regions most influenced by MCS occurrences are Balearic Islands, Valencia, Catalonia, Murcia and the Basque Country. The MCSs tend to be small, short-lived and linear, usually moving eastward or northeastward with low velocities. The MCSs-associated precipitation presents high variability, ranging from 80 to 0 turn h(-1) as maximum hourly records. Two different convective regions are identified based on MCS behavior in extreme precipitation events: Northern Spain (the Basque Country) with abundant and continuous precipitation regime but little MCS influence, and the Mediterranean coast, where precipitation is sporadic but much more intense.


Item Type:Article
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© 2004 Elsevier B.V. We wish to thank the Spanish National Meteorological Institute (INM) for providing the precipitation data used in this paper. Two anonymous reviewers provided useful comments which substantially improved the original manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mesoscale Convective Complexes, Systems, Precipitation, Rainfall, America, Eastern, Africa, Region, Area
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:24772
Deposited On:20 Mar 2014 08:19
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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