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Annealing-induced enhancement of the gas diffusivity in coextruded LLDPE films investigated by positron lifetime spectroscopy

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Monge, M. A. and García Villaluenga, Juan Pedro and Muñoz, A. and Leguey, T. and Pareja, R. (2002) Annealing-induced enhancement of the gas diffusivity in coextruded LLDPE films investigated by positron lifetime spectroscopy. Macromolecules, 35 (21). pp. 8088-8092. ISSN 0024-9297

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma020484e


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http://pubs.acs.org/Publisher


Abstract

The annealing effect on coextruded linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) films has been investigated by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). From the continuous positron lifetime distribution found for these films, the size distribution of the free-volume holes in the amorphous phase is calculated, as well as their fractional free volume. Also, diffusivity measurements at 298 K for He, O-2, and N-2 and X-ray diffraction measurements have been performed. The results reveal that annealing induces changes in the hole size distribution and in the amorphous fractional free volume of the films, along with an enhancement of the gas diffusivity. The correlation found between the amorphous fractional free volume and diffusion coefficients agrees with the free-volume model for diffusion in polymers. Moreover, the results show that the probability density function of the free-volume holes has certain influence on the diffusion coefficients, revealing that the impedance factors for diffusion would be controlled by the size distribution shape of the free-volume holes in the amorphous phase.


Item Type:Article
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© 2002 American Chemical Society. The research carried out at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid was supported by
Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain) under the auspices of the Financing Program for Strategic Research Groups. The authors are grateful to Dr. B. Seoane for useful discussions.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Local Free-Volume, Polymers, Annhilihation, Polyethylene, Permeability, Dependence, Distributions, Permeation, Morphology, Probe
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:24932
Deposited On:04 Apr 2014 07:13
Last Modified:05 Nov 2015 16:42

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