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Air gap membrane distillation of sucrose aqueous solutions

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García Payo, María del Carmen and Izquierdo Gil, María Amparo and Fernández Pineda, Cristóbal (1999) Air gap membrane distillation of sucrose aqueous solutions. Journal of Membrane Science, 155 (2). pp. 291-307. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0376-7388(98)00323-8


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Abstract

In this paper results obtained with air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) using sucrose aqueous solutions are shown. The role of the relevant process parameters has been investigated experimentally (the flow rate through the cell, the feed initial concentration, the type of membrane, the air gap thickness, etc.). Equations have been proposed to estimate the intermediate temperatures for the air gap configuration. The fluxes given by different gas stagnant film diffusion models showed good agreement with the experimental results over the entire range of temperatures studied. Also a model which accounts for the thermal diffusion phenomenon was used. From the fits of the experimental flux data to the theoretical equations, the diffusion coefficient of the water vapour-air mixture, D-AB, and the thermal diffusion coefficient, K-T (only in the last case), were obtained and the results were analysed. For the D-AB coefficient higher values than the tabulated ones have been obtained, although of the same order of magnitude, and still higher when the thermal diffusion is considered.


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© 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. The authors wish to thank CICYT (Spain), Projects ALI-91-1126-CO3-02 and ALI-94-1044-CO3-02 for the financial support accorded to this work.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Air gap membrane distillation; Sucrose aqueous solutions; Temperature polarisation; Gas stagnant film diffusion; Thermal diffusion
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:25327
Deposited On:09 May 2014 07:27
Last Modified:11 Mar 2016 19:16

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