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Volcanic evolution of São Vicente, Cape Verde Islands: The Praia Grande landslide

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Ancochea Soto, Eumenio and Huertas Coronel, María José and Hernán, F. and Brandle, J.L. (2010) Volcanic evolution of São Vicente, Cape Verde Islands: The Praia Grande landslide. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 198 . pp. 143-157. ISSN 0377-0273

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-volcanology-and-geothermal-research/



Abstract

The island of São Vicente has undergone continuous volcanic activity from Pliocene to Pleistocene times. The
earliest evidence of activity corresponds to some 9 million years ago when a submarine edifice of alkaline
basaltic affinity had already started to develop. The island resulted from the growth of a single major edifice
(the São Vicente Edifice) built up in several distinguishable growth stages. The early main stage occurred at
6.5 to 4.5 Ma giving rise to an edifice of about 10–12 km in radius and more than 2500 m in height whose
centre was located south of the present city of Mindelo. Although the edifice in its earlier phase showed
typical characteristics of a shield volcano (the Mindelo Formation) it adopted later on those of an ordinary
composite volcano (the Madeiral–Monte Cara Formation).
A giant landslide event, the Praia Grande landslide, destroyed the NE sector of the edifice and left a
10×12 km large depression that was successively refilled by nephelinitic lava flows and some associated
carbonatites (the Monte Verde Formation, 4.5–3.1 Ma). The volcanic activity ceased about 3–2 Ma ago when
the edifice started to be deeply eroded until disappearing about 90% of its total volume. Only in recent times
(0.3 Ma) very scarce and local strombolian activity has been developed aside the São Vicente Edifice, in the
eastern sector of the island.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cape Verde Islands, Dikes, Volcano evolution, Giant lateral, Collapse
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:25502
Deposited On:21 May 2014 12:09
Last Modified:21 May 2014 12:09

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