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Tsunamigenic potential of outer-rise normal faults at the Middle America trench in Central America



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Álvarez Gómez, José Antonio y Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, Omar Q. y Aniel Quiroga, Íñigo y González, Mauricio (2012) Tsunamigenic potential of outer-rise normal faults at the Middle America trench in Central America. Tectonophysics, 574-75 . pp. 133-143. ISSN 0040-1951

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URL Oficial: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/tectonophysics


The Middle America trench is formed by the subduction of the Cocos and Rivera plates under the Caribbean
and North American plates. The subduction interface presents low coupling in Central America showing its
seismicity a high frequency of outer-rise normal fault earthquakes. These outer-rise earthquakes are generated
on the inherited structures of the seafloor-spreading fabric during the subducting plate bending. We
analyze focal mechanism data in combination with the available structural data of the outer-rise normal
faults in order to constrain the rupture characteristics of the outer-rise normal earthquakes. A new empirical
scaling relationship is developed to define earthquake magnitudes from normal fault dimensions in the
outer-rise context. We numerically model the tsunami wave propagation due to the worst outer-rise
tsunamigenic source in the area to estimate its damaging potential. Wave elevations higher than 2 m are
common at the coast in front of the fault extent, with maximum wave elevations of 8 m. The capability of
these faults to generate ocean-wide tsunamis is low, however, they can produce significant tsunamis locally.

Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Tsunami, Middle America trench, Central America, Outer-rise earthquakes, Subduction, Earthquake scaling-relation
Materias:Ciencias > Geología > Geodinámica
Ciencias > Geología > Sismología
Código ID:25765
Depositado:09 Jun 2014 12:00
Última Modificación:09 Jun 2014 12:00

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