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Hollow fiber spinning experimental design and analysis of defects for fabrication of optimized membranes for membrane distillation

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Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed and Cojocaru, C. and Essalhi, M. and García Payo, María del Carmen and Arribas, P. and García Fernández, L. (2012) Hollow fiber spinning experimental design and analysis of defects for fabrication of optimized membranes for membrane distillation. Desalination, 287 . pp. 146-158. ISSN 0011-9164

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.06.025


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Abstract

A fractional factorial design and a steepest ascent method were applied for possible fabrication of hollow fibers by the dry/wet spinning technique. Seven spinning factors were taken into account. Different concentrations of the copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene), PVDF-HFP with 400,000 g/mol molecular weight and the additive polyethylene glycol. PEG with 10,000 g/mol molecular weight were dissolved in N,N-dimethyl acetamide, DMAC. The developed approach permits localization of the region of experimentation, defect-free spinning conditions, to produce hollow fibers. The obtained hollow fiber membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Penetration liquid in membrane pores and porosity were also determined. Finally the membranes were tested for desalination by direct contact membrane distillation. An optimal hollow fiber membrane was finally fabricated using the determined optimum spinning conditions: a copolymer concentration of 20% w/w, a PEG concentration of 6% w/w, an air gap length of 25 cm, an internal/external coagulation temperature of 37.5 degrees C, an internal coagulant flow rate of 19 ml/min, a pressure of 0.3 bar and free falling. This membrane exhibits the highest performance index and the greatest global desirability (i.e. high permeate flux and salt rejection factor).


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© 2011 Elsevier B.V. The author (C. Cojocaru) is grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation for support through a research grant (project SB2009-0009). The authors also acknowledge the financial support from the University Complutense of Madrid, UCM-BSCH (projects GR58/08 and GR35/10-A, UCM group 910336).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Response-surface methodology; Atomic-force microscopy; Flat-sheet; Selectivity
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:26030
Deposited On:30 Jun 2014 11:23
Last Modified:14 Mar 2016 15:42

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