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Comparison of ultrafiltration and dissolved air flotation efficiencies in industrial units during the papermaking process

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Monte Lara, Concepción and Ordóñez Sanz, Ruth and Hermosilla Redondo, Daphne and Sánchez González, Mónica and Blanco Suárez, Ángeles (2011) Comparison of ultrafiltration and dissolved air flotation efficiencies in industrial units during the papermaking process. APPITA Journal, 64 (3). pp. 245-251. ISSN 1038-6807

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Abstract

The efficiency of an ultrafiltration unit has been studied and compared with a dissolved air flotation system to get water with a suited quality to be reused in the process. The study was done at a paper mill producing light weight coated paper and newsprint paper from 100% recovered paper. Efficiency was analysed by removal of turbidity, cationic demand, total and dissolved chemical oxygen demand, hardness, sulphates and microstickies. Moreover, the performance of the ultrafiltration unit and the membranes were studied deeply, analysing its variability during the filtration process.
As expected, the ultrafiltration gave higher removal efficiencies than the dissolved air flotation cell in parameters like turbidity, cationic demand, dissolved chemical oxygen demand and microstickies. The greatest difference in performance between the units concerned cationic demand and dissolved chemical oxygen demand. Ultrafiltration was influenced by the operating time, decreasing the removal efficiency of the dissolved fraction by 75% and of the colloidal fraction by 30% after 312 of running. Membrane autopsy, carried out to identify the cause of poor membrane performance, showed that the active layer was degraded due to the effect of suspended solids.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ultrafiltration, Dissolved air flotation, Anionic trash, Dissolved and colloidal material, Closure of water circuits
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Paper industry
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
Sciences > Chemistry > Environmental conditions
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Technical
ID Code:26413
Deposited On:27 Nov 2014 11:50
Last Modified:27 Nov 2014 11:50

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