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First directional European palaeo secular variation curve for the Neolithic based on archaeomagnetic data

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Carrancho Alonso, Ángel and Villalain, J.J. and Pavón Carrasco, Francisco Javier and Osete López, María Luisa and Straus, Lawrence Guy and Vergès, Josep María and Carretero, José Miguel and Angelucci, D.E. and González Morales, M.R. and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald (2013) First directional European palaeo secular variation curve for the Neolithic based on archaeomagnetic data. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 380 . pp. 124-137. ISSN 0012-821X

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/earth-and-planetary-science-letters



Abstract

Neolithic, Cha1colithic and Bronze Age anthropogenic cave sediments from three caves from northern
Spain have been palaeomagnetically investigated. 662 oriented specimens corresponding to 39 burning
events (ash-carbonaceous couplets) from the three sites with an average of 16 samples per fire were
collected. 26 new archaeomagnetic directions have been obtained for the time period ranging from
5500 to 2000 yr ca!. BC. These results represent the oldest archaeomagnetic directions obtained from
burnt archaeological materials throughout all Western Europe. Magnetisation is carried by pseudo-singie
domain low-coercivity ferromagnetic minerals (magnetite, magnetite with no significant isomorphous
substitution and/or maghaemite). Rock-magnetic experiments indicate a thermoremanent origin of the
magnetisation although a thermochemical magnetisation cannot be excluded. Combination of the new
data presented here and the recent updated Bulgarian database allows us to propose the first European
palaeosecular variation (PSV) curve for the Neolithic. A bootstrap method was applied for the curve
construction using penalised cubic B-splines in time. The new palaeosecular variation curve is well
constrained from 6000 BC to 3700 BC, the period with the highest density of data, showing a declination
maximum around 4700 BC and a minimum in inclination at 4300 BC, which are not recorded by
the recent global CALSlOK.1 b and regional SCHA.DIF.8K models due to the use of lake sediment data.
Dating resolution by using the proposed PSV curve oscillates from approximately ±30 yr to ±200 yr
for the period 6000 to 1000 yr BC, reaching similar resolution as radiocarbon dating. Considering
the good preservation, age-control and widespread occurrence of burnt archaeological materials across
Southern Europe, they represent a new source of data for geomagnetic field modelling, as well as for
archaeomagnetic dating.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Secular variation, Archaeomagnetism, Rrock-magnetism, Thermoremanence, Neolithic, Archaeology
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:26852
Deposited On:29 Sep 2014 11:27
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:41

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