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New Neandertal remains from Cova Negra (Valencia, Spain)

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Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Villaverde Bonilla, Valentín and Quam, R. and Martínez Mendizábal, Ignacio and Carretero, José Miguel and Lorenzo Merino, Carlos and Gracia Téllez, Ana (2007) New Neandertal remains from Cova Negra (Valencia, Spain). Journal of Human Evolution, 52 . pp. 31-58. ISSN 0047-2484

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-human-evolution/



Abstract

New Neandertal fossils from the Mousterian site of Cova Negra in the Valencia region of Spain are described, and a comprehensive study of
the entire human fossil sample is provided. The new specimens significantly augment the sample of human remains from this site and make Cova
Negra one of the richest human paleontological sites on the Iberian Peninsula. The new specimens include cranial and postcranial elements from
immature individuals and provide an opportunity to study the ontogenetic appearance of adult Neandertal characteristics in this Pleistocene population.
Children younger than 10 years of age constitute four of the seven minimum number of individuals in the sample, and this relative
abundance of children at Cova Negra is similar that in to other Neandertal sites in Europe and southwest Asia. The recognition of diagnostic
Neandertal features in several of the specimens, as well as their western European context and late Pleistocene age, suggests that all the human
remains from Cova Negra represent Neandertals. The archaeological evidence from Cova Negra indicates sporadic, short-term occupations of
the site, suggesting a high degree of mobility among Neandertals.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cova Negra; Neandertal; Cranial remains; Teeth; Postcranial remains; Ontogeny; Upper Pleistocene; Mousterian; Spain
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:26868
Deposited On:30 Sep 2014 09:54
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:42

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