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Análisis paleontológico del yacimiento del Pleistoceno superior de Cova Foradada (Xàbia, Alicante, España)
Palaeontological analisis of the Late Pleistocene Site of Cova Foradada (Xábia, Alicante, Spain)

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Pantoja Pérez, Ana and Sala Burgos, Mª Teresa Nohemi and García García, Nuria and Ruiz Zapata, María Blanca and Gil García, M. José and Aranburu, Arantza and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Casabó i Bernard, Josep (2011) Análisis paleontológico del yacimiento del Pleistoceno superior de Cova Foradada (Xàbia, Alicante, España). Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Sección geológica, 105 (1-4). pp. 53-66. ISSN 0583-7510

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Official URL: http://www.historianatural.org/



Abstract

En este trabajo se presenta el estudio de la estratigrafía, secuencia polínica, taxonomía y tafonomía del yacimiento
del Pleistoceno superior de Cova Foradada, Xábia (Alicante). Las especies de macromamíferos representadas en el
yacimiento son, dentro de los carnívoros, Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1978), Lynx pardinus (Temminck, 1827) y
Felis silvestris (Schreber, 1777); del grupo de los artiodáctilos, Cervus elaphus (Linnaeus, 1978), Capra pyrenaica
(Schinz, 1838), Bos primigenius (Bojanus, 1827) y Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1978). Se han identificado dos especies
de perisodáctilos Equus ferus (Boddaert , 1785) y Equus hydruntinus (Regalia, 1904). En todos los niveles del
yacimiento se observa un claro predominio de los ungulados de talla media (Cervus elaphus) y talla pequeña (Capra
pyrenaica). Los patrones de fracturación indican actividad humana y evidencian el aprovechamiento máximo de los
recursos cárnicos. Se han encontrado marcas antrópicas en restos de lince, gato montés y leopardo. El análisis polínico
pone de manifiesto el dominio de un paisaje muy abierto y empobrecido desde el punto de vista taxonómico.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

This study presents aspects related to the stratigraphy, pollen sequence, taxonomy and taphonomy of the Late Pleistocene site of Cova Foradada in Xábia (Alicante, Spain). The fossil material comes from Sector I of the site that comprises eight stratigraphic levels. Some of these levels have been previously dated (Casabó, 2001): 33,900 ± 310 B.P. for Level VII; 29,940 ± 150 B.P. for Level VI; 27,170 ± 150 B.P. and 29,420 ± 190 B.P. for Level V; and 6,130 ± 140 B.P. for Level III. The total number of identifiable remains represents a very low percentage of the total remains, mainly due to the high degree of fragmentation. The macrovertebrate fossils found are: Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1978), Lynx pardinus (Temminck, 1827) and Felis silvestris (Schreber, 1777) among the Carnivora; Cervus elaphus (Linnaeus, 1978), Capra pyrenaica (Schinz, 1838), Bos primigenius (Bojanus, 1827) and Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1978) among the Artiodactyla ; and Equus ferus (Boddaert , 1785) and Equus hydruntinus (Regalia, 1904) among the Perisodactyla. Mid- and small-sized ungulates are clearly predominant along the whole sequence, such as Cervus elaphus for the former, and Capra pyrenaica for the latter. The taphonomical analysis allows to discard carnivore activity as the accumulation agent. Signs of carnivore activity are scarce, and they are only present in Level V. Fracture pattern in the bones show human activity as the main agent, characterized by the maximum exploitation of meat resources. Anthropic marks have been found in lynx, wild cat and leopard remains. The patterns of the cuts on these remains are typical of the exploitation of both the flesh and the fleece of these animals. Regarding the paleoenvironmental aspects, the pollen data show predominance of an open environment, depleted from the taxonomical point of view. The detailed pollen analysis allows us to distinguish three levels: the base level shows a more abundant forest cover with Pinus and Juniperus as predominant taxa; the middle level shows signs of a more extreme climate period; and the uppermost level shows a phase of recovering of the flora, with a reduced forest and a varied herbaceous courtship (Apiaceae, Poaceae and Fabaceae).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pleistoceno superior, España, palinología, Aprovechamiento de carnívoros, Cazadores recolectores
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Late Pleistocene, Spain, palinology, exploitation of carnivores, hunters and gatherers
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:27436
Deposited On:26 Nov 2014 10:25
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:42

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