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A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos

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Meyer, Matthias and Fu, Qiaomei and Aximu Petri, Ayinuer and Glocke, Isabelle and Nickel, Birgit and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Martínez Mendizábal, Ignacio and Gracia Téllez, Ana and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald and Pääbo, Svante (2014) A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos. Nature (London), 505 . pp. 403-406. ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12788



Abstract

Excavations of a complex of caves in the Sierra de Atapuerca in northern Spain have unearthed hominin fossils that range in age from the early Pleistocene to the Holocene1. One of these sites, the ‘Sima de los Huesos’ (‘pit of bones’), has yielded the world’s largest
assemblage of Middle Pleistocene hominin fossils2,3, onsisting of at least 28 individuals4 dated to over 300,000 years ago5. The skeletal remains share a number of morphological features with fossils classifieds Homo heidelbergensis and also display distinct neanderthalderived traits6–8. Here we determine an almost complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos and show that it is closely related to the lineage leading to mitochondrial genomes of enisovans 9,10, an eastern Eurasian sister group to Neanderthals. Our results pave the way for DNA research on hominins from the Middle Pleistocene.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hominin fossils, Homo heidelbergensis, Mitochondrial genome sequence, Sima de los huesos, Spain
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:27979
Deposited On:20 Jan 2015 09:37
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:41

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