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Combination of geophysical prospecting techniques into areas of high protection value: Identification of shallow volcanic structures

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Gómez-Ortiz, David and Montesinos, F. G. and Martín Crespo, Tomás and Solla, Mercedes and Arnoso, José and Vélez, Emilio (2014) Combination of geophysical prospecting techniques into areas of high protection value: Identification of shallow volcanic structures. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 109 . pp. 15-26. ISSN 0926-9851

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092698511400202X


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Abstract

Timanfaya National Park is a volcanic area located in the southwest of Lanzarote Island (Canary Islands, Spain).
Several lava tubes have been found in the lava flows but many others remain unknown. Its location and identification are important to mitigate collapse hazards in this touristic area. We present a new study about the location of recent lava tubes by the analysis and joint interpretation of around penetrating radar (GPR), microgravity and electromagnetic induction (EMI) data along the same profile over an area not previously surveyed. GPR data display a complex pattern of reflections up to ~10 m depth. The strongest hyperbolic reflections can be grouped in four different areas. Visual inspections carried out in the field allow confirming the occurrence of lava tubes at two of them. These reflections have been interpreted as the effect of the roof and bottom interfaces of several lava tubes. The microgravity survey defines a wide gravity low with several over-imposed minor highs and lows. Using the GPR data, a 2.5D gravity model has been obtained revealing four lava tubes. EMI data have been used to obtain an inverted resistivity model that displays four high resistivity areas that closely match the locations of the lava tubes derived from the previous methods. This resistivity model exhibits the lower resolution although reaches a deeper investigation depth (~20 m). The comparison of the results has revealed that joint interpretation of GPR, microgravity and EMI methods provides reliable models useful for the detection of unknown shallow lava tubes


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lava tubes; Ground penetrating radar; Microgravity; Electromagnetic induction; Timanfaya National Park; Spain
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Geophysics
Sciences > Mathematics > Geodesy
ID Code:28181
Deposited On:10 Feb 2015 09:25
Last Modified:24 Nov 2016 12:41

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