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Integrated tsunami vulnerability and risk assessment: application to the coastal area of El Salvador

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González Riancho, P. and Aguirre Ayerbe, I. and García Aguilar, J.M. and Medina, Raúl (2014) Integrated tsunami vulnerability and risk assessment: application to the coastal area of El Salvador. Natural hazards and earth system sciences, 14 . pp. 1223-1244. ISSN 1561-8633

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Abstract

Advances in the understanding and prediction of tsunami impacts allow for the development of risk reduction strategies for tsunami-prone areas. This paper presents a tsunami vulnerability and risk assessment for the case study of El Salvador, the applied methodology dealing with the complexity and variability of coastal zones by means of (i) an integral approach to cover the entire risk-related process from the hazard, vulnerability and risk assessments to the final risk management; (ii) an integrated approach to combine and aggregate the information stemming from the different dimensions of coupled human and natural systems; and (iii) a dynamic and scale-dependent approach to integrate the spatiotemporal variability considerations. This work also aims at establishing a clear connection to translate the vulnerability and risk assessment results into adequate target-oriented risk reduction measures, trying to bridge the gap between science and management for the tsunami hazard. The approach is applicable to other types of hazards, having been successfully applied to climate-change-related flooding hazard.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tsunami; El Salvador
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Seismology
ID Code:29053
Deposited On:05 Mar 2015 10:54
Last Modified:05 Mar 2015 10:56

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