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The application of advanced oxidation technologies to the treatment of effluents from the pulp and paper industry. A review

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Hermosilla, Daphne and Merayo Cuevas, Noemí and Gascó, Antonio and Blanco, Ángeles (2015) The application of advanced oxidation technologies to the treatment of effluents from the pulp and paper industry. A review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (1). pp. 168-191. ISSN 0944-1344 (Print) 1614-7499 (Online)

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-014-3516-1



Abstract

Paper industry is adopting zero liquid effluent technologies to reduce fresh water use and meet environmental regulations, which implies water circuits closure and the progressive accumulation of pollutants that must be removed before water re-use and final wastewater discharge. The traditional water treatment technologies that are used in paper mills (such as dissolve air flotation or biological treatment) are not able to remove recalcitrant contaminants. Therefore, advanced water treatment technologies, such as advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), are being included in industrial wastewater treatment chains aiming to either improve water biodegradability or its final quality. A
deep review of the current state of the art regarding the use of AOPs for the treatment of the organic load of effluents from the paper industry is herein addressed considering mature and emerging treatments for a sustainable water use in this sector. Wastewater composition, which is highly dependent of the raw materials being used in the mills, the selected AOP itself, and its combination with other technologies, will determine the viability of the treatment. In general, all AOPs have been reported to achieve good organics removal efficiencies (COD removal >40%; and about an extra 20% if AOPs are combined with biological stages). Particularly, ozonation has been the most extensively reported and successfully implemented AOP at an industrial scale for
effluent treatment or reuse within pulp and paper mills; although Fenton processes (photo-Fenton particularly) have actually addressed better oxidative results (COD
removal ≈65-75%) at lab scale, but still need further development at large scale.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:advanced oxidation processes; biodegradability; electro-oxidation; Fenton; ozone; paper industry; photocatalysis; wastewater treatment chains.
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Water
Sciences > Chemistry > Paper industry
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Technical
ID Code:29260
Deposited On:23 Mar 2015 12:08
Last Modified:01 Feb 2016 00:01

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