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Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide maintains the non-pathogenic profile of human Th17-polarized cells

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Jimeno Lumeras, Rebeca Gema and Leceta Martínez, Javier and Martínez, Carmen and Gutiérrez-Cañas, Irene and Carrión Caballo, Mar and Pérez García, Selene and Garín, Marina and Mellado, Mario and Pérez Gomáriz, Rosa María and Juarranz Moratilla, Yasmina (2014) Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide maintains the non-pathogenic profile of human Th17-polarized cells. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 54 (3). pp. 512-525. ISSN 1559-1166

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12031-014-0318-3



Abstract

The cytokine microenvironment modulates CD4 T cell differentiation causing the shift of naïve CD4 T cells into different cell subsets. This process is also regulated by modulators such as VIP, a neuropeptide with known immunomodulatory properties on CD4 T cells that exert this action through specific receptors, VPAC1 and VPAC2. Our results show that the pattern of VIP receptors expression ratio is modified during Th17 differentiation. In this report, we evaluate the capacity of VIP to modulate naïve human cells into Th17 cells in vitro by analyzing their functional phenotype. The presence of VIP maintains the non-pathogenic profile of Th17-polarized cells, increases the proliferation rate and decreases their Th1 potential. VIP induces the up-regulation of the STAT3 gene interaction with the VPAC1 receptor during the onset of Th17 differentiation. Moreover, RORC, RORA and IL-17A genes are up-regulated in the presence of VIP through interaction with VPAC1 and VPAC2 receptors. Interestingly, VIP induces the expression of the IL-23R gene through interaction with the VPAC2 receptor during the expansion phase. This is the first report that describes the differentiation of naïve human T cells to Th17-polarized cells in the presence of VIP and demonstrates how this differentiation regulates the expression of the VIP receptors.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Th differentiation, Th17, VIP, VPAC receptors.
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biochemistry
Medical sciences > Biology > Neurosciences
ID Code:29553
Deposited On:15 Apr 2015 08:31
Last Modified:01 Dec 2015 00:01

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