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Craniofacial vertical bone augmentation: a comparison between 3D printed monolithic monetite blocks and autologous onlay grafts in the rabbit

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Tamimi, Faleh and Torres García-Denche, Jesús and Gbureck, Uwe and López-Cabarcos, Enrique and Basset, David C. and Alkhraisat, Mohammad H. and Barralet, Jake E. (2009) Craniofacial vertical bone augmentation: a comparison between 3D printed monolithic monetite blocks and autologous onlay grafts in the rabbit. Biomaterials, 30 (31). 6.318-6.326. ISSN 0142-9612

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Official URL: http://www.intl.elsevierhealth.com/locate/biomaterials



Abstract

Onlay autografting is amongst the most predictable techniques for craniofacial vertical bone augmentation, however, complications related to donor site surgery are common and synthetic alternatives to onlay autografts are desirable. Recent studies have shownthat the acidic calcium phosphates, brushite and monetite, are osteoconductive, osteoinductive and resorb faster in vivo that hydroxyapatite.Moreover, they can be 3D printed allowing precise host bone-implant specific conformation. the objectives of this study were to confirm that craniofacial screw fixation of 3D printed monetite blocks was possible and to compare the resulting vertical bone augmentation with autograft. 3D printed monolithic monetite onlay implants were fixed with osteosynthesis screws on the calvarial bone surface of new Zealand rabbits. After 8 weeks, integration between the implant and the calvarial bone surface was observed in all cases. histomorphometry revealed that 42% of the monetite was resorbed and that the new bone formed with the implant occupied 43% of its volume, sufficient for inmediate dental implant placement. Bone tissue within the autologous onlay occupied 60% of the volume. We observed that patterns of regeneration within the implants differed throughout the material and we purpose that the cause was the anatomy and blood supply pattern in the region. Rapid prototyped monetite being resorbable osteoconductive and osteoinductive would appear to be a promising biomaterial for many bone regeneration strategies.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Monetite ; Autologous bone ; Autograft ; Onlay bone graft ; Monolithic blocks ; Histomorphometry
Subjects:Medical sciences > Dentistry > Dental materials
ID Code:29876
Deposited On:06 May 2015 11:52
Last Modified:29 Nov 2018 11:23

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