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Extremal states for photon number and quadratures as gauges for nonclassicality

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Hradil, Z. and Řeháček, J. and Hoz Iglesias, Pablo de la and Leuchs, G. and Sánchez Soto, Luis Lorenzo (2015) Extremal states for photon number and quadratures as gauges for nonclassicality. Physical review A, 91 (4). 042128/1-042128/6. ISSN 1050-2947

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.91.042128


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http://journals.aps.org/Publisher


Abstract

Rotated quadratures carry the phase-dependent information of the electromagnetic field, so they are somehow conjugate to the photon number. We analyze this noncanonical pair, finding an exact uncertainty relation, as well as a couple of weaker inequalities obtained by relaxing some restrictions of the problem. We also find the intelligent states saturating that relation and complete their characterization by considering extra constraints on the second-order moments of the variables involved. Using these moments, we construct performance measures tailored to diagnose photon-added and Schrodinger-cat-like states, among others.


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©2015 American Physical Society. We thank G. Toth, H. de Guise, and B.-G. Englert for fruitful discussions. Z.H. and J.R. are thankful for the financial assistance of the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (Grant No. 15-031945) and the IGA Project of the Palacky University (Grant No. PrF_2015_002). G.L. is partially funded by EU FP7 (Grant No. Q-ESSENCE). Finally, P.H. and L.L.S.-S. acknowledge the support from the Spanish MINECO (Grant No. FIS2011-26786) and UCM-Banco Santander Program (Grant No. GR3/14).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Phase uncertainty; Eigenstate fields; Coherent states; Quantum; Generation; Operators; Light
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
ID Code:30734
Deposited On:08 Jun 2015 13:41
Last Modified:10 Jun 2015 08:02

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