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The Impact of Social Expenditure on Attitudes Towards Immigration in Europe

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Jaime Castillo, Antonio M. y Marqués Perales, Ildefonso y Álvarez Gálvez, Javier (2015) The Impact of Social Expenditure on Attitudes Towards Immigration in Europe. Social Indicators Research . ISSN 0303-8300

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URL Oficial: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-015-0939-0



Resumen

There is a growing body of literature dealing with the causes behind antiimmigrant sentiment and xenophobia. Based on the literature on the fiscal burden model, this paper contends that the differences in attitudes toward immigration, between low and high statuses, can be explained by the size of the welfare state. We argue that the impact of socio-economic status on attitudes toward immigration is larger in countries where social expenditure is high. Since a potential increase in the number of welfare recipients due to new immigrants might lead to a reduction in per capita transfers, low-income individuals in these countries are expected to be more concerned about the effect of immigration on social benefits. Using multilevel models and data from the European Social Survey we have found that while the effect of socio-economic status on attitudes toward immigration is positive there is a great deal of variation between countries. The difference in attitudes between high and low socio-economic statuses increases as social expenditure increases. Moreover, increases of social expenditure in the short run increases anti-immigrant sentiment as it raises concerns about the impact of immigration on welfare services


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Immigration, Xenophobia, Welfare state, Social expenditure, Socio-economic status &
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Sociología > Inmigrantes y refugiados
Ciencias Sociales > Sociología > Racismo
Ciencias Sociales > Trabajo Social > Política social
Código ID:30973
Depositado:18 Jun 2015 08:54
Última Modificación:18 Jun 2015 15:06

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