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Crossover from ionic hopping to nearly constant loss in the fast ionic conductor Li_(0.18)La_(0.61)TiO_(3)

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Rivera Calzada, Alberto Carlos and León Yebra, Carlos and Sanz, J. and Santamaría Sánchez-Barriga, Jacobo and Moynihan, C. T. and Ngai, K. L. (2002) Crossover from ionic hopping to nearly constant loss in the fast ionic conductor Li_(0.18)La_(0.61)TiO_(3). Physical review B, 65 (22). ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.65.224302


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Abstract

Electrical conductivity measurements of the fast ionic conductor Li_(0.18)La_(0.61)TiO_(3) have been conducted at temperatures ranging from 8 to 300 K and frequencies between 20 Hz and 5 MHz. A detailed analysis of the ac conductivity shows the existence of a crossover between two different regimes. At high temperatures and/or low frequencies correlated ion hopping is responsible for a power-law frequency dependent and thermally activated ac conductivity. On the other hand, at sufficiently low temperatures and/or high frequencies, the ions do not have enough thermal energy or time to hop between neighboring sites, and remain caged. The ac conductivity is then characterized by a linear frequency dependence (i.e., the equivalent of a nearly constant loss) and by a weak exponential temperature dependence of the form exp(T/T_(0)). A crossover between the two regimes is found, which is thermally activated with an activation energy E50.17 eV, significantly lower than that observed for the dc conductivity, E_(δ)50.4 eV. From this result, it is shown that the so-called "augmented Jonscher expression" fails to describe the ac conductivity in the whole frequency and temperature ranges. All these findings suggest that the nearly constant loss originates from electrical loss occurring during the time regime while the ion is still confined in the potential-energy minimum. Further, it is proposed that the loss mechanism involves some type of process where the potential-energy minimum relaxes in time on a time scale much shorter than the ionic hopping time scale. At longer times, as soon as the ion has significant probability of being thermally activated out of the potential well, the nearly constant loss terminates and correlated ion hopping becomes the only contribution to the ac conductivity.


Item Type:Article
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© 2002 The American Physical Society. We thank Dr. A. Várez for sample preparation. C. L. thanks Professor J. Ross Macdonald for extensive and valuable discussions. Financial support from CICYT Grant No. MAT98-1053-C04 is acknowledged. K.L.N. was supported by the ONR.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Non-arrheniun conductivity; Electrical relaxation; Disordered solids; AC conductivity; Glasses; Dynamics; Behavior; Spectra; Melts; Universality.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
ID Code:31079
Deposited On:26 Jun 2015 07:25
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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