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Multiorbital structure of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaAlO_(3)/SrTiO_(3) heterostructures: the formation of a d(xy) ferromagnetic sheet

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Li, Jichao C. and Beltrán Finez, Juan Ignacio and Muñoz, M. Carmen (2013) Multiorbital structure of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaAlO_(3)/SrTiO_(3) heterostructures: the formation of a d(xy) ferromagnetic sheet. Physical review B, 87 (7). ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.075411


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http://journals.aps.org/Publisher


Abstract

We demonstrate the formation of a ferromagnetic two-dimensional d_(x)y electron sheet strictly confined to the TiO_(2) interface layer in LaAlO_(3)/SrTiO_(3) heterostructures. Based on first-principles density functional calculations we show that the complex subband structure of the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) generated at the LaO/TiO_(2) (001) interface is universal, and almost independent of the SrTiO_(3) thickness. It is composed of a ladder of d_(x)y states of light electrons and only one degenerate d_(xz,yz) heavier subband. All the states are spin polarized although the exchange splitting is only significant for the lowest energy d_(xy) subband, which leads to magnetic moments ferromagnetically coupled and localized at the interface. The SrTiO_(3) ferroelectric-like lattice distortions determine the subband occupation and therefore their orbital character, exchange splitting, and charge density profile. The complex structure of the 2DEG can explain the coexistence in the same sample of superconductivity and magnetism.


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© 2013 American Physical Society. This work has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (MICI) under Grant No. MAT2009-14578-C03-03, and by the CSIC Intramural project 201060E041. J.L. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Estancias de Jóvenes Doctores Extranjeros program. Computations were performed at the Supercomputing Centre of Galicia (CESGA).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Interface; Superconductivity; Coexistence; Oxides.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
ID Code:31358
Deposited On:27 Jul 2015 07:55
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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