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Unexpected magnetism in low dimensional systems: the role of symmetry

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Muñoz, M. C. and Chico, L. and López-Sancho, M. P. and Beltrán Finez, Juan Ignacio and Gallego, S. and Cerdá, J. (2006) Unexpected magnetism in low dimensional systems: the role of symmetry. Journal of physics. Conference series, 30 . pp. 215-223. ISSN 1742-6588

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/30/1/026


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Abstract

The symmetry underlying the geometric structure of materials determines most of their physical properties. In low dimensional systems the role of symmetry is enhanced and can give rise to new phenomena. Here, we report on unexpected magnetism in carbon nanotubes and O-rich surfaces of ionic oxides, to show how its existence is closely related to the symmetry conditions. First, based on tight-binding models, we demonstrate that chiral carbon nanotubes present spin splitting at the Fermi level in the absence of a magnetic field, whereas achiral tubes preserve spin degeneracy. These remarkably different behaviors of chiral and non-chiral nanotubes are due to the intrinsic symmetry dependence of the spin-orbit interaction. Second, the occurence of spin-polarization at ZrO_(2), Al_(2)O_(3) and MgO surfaces is proved by means of abinitio calculations within the density functional theory. Large spin moments develop at O-ended polar terminations, transforming the non-magnetic insulator into a half-metal. The magnetic moments mainly reside in the surface oxygen atoms, and their origin is related to the existence of 2p holes of well-defined spin polarization at the valence band of the ionic oxide. The direct relation between magnetization and local loss of donor charge shows that at the origin of these phenomena is the reduced surface symmetry.


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© 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd. International School on Theoretical Physics (8. 2005. Myczkowce-Poland). This work has been partially financed by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia and the DGES under contracts MAT2002-04095-C02-01, MAT2002-04540-C05-03 and MAT2003-04278, and by the Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid under CAM2004-0440. S.G. acknowledges financial support from the Ramón y Cajal program of the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, and J.I.B. from the I3P program of the CSIC.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Spin-orbit interaction; Carbon nanotubes; Band-structure; Electronic-structure; Surfaces; Metallicity; Zirconia; Exhange.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
ID Code:31408
Deposited On:27 Jul 2015 09:41
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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