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Probing the radio emission from air showers with polarization measurements

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Arqueros Martínez, Fernando and Blanco Ramos, Francisco and García Pinto, Diego and Minaya Flores, Ignacio Andrés and Ortiz Ramis, Montserrat and Rosado Vélez, Jaime and Vázquez Peñas, José Ramón (2014) Probing the radio emission from air showers with polarization measurements. Physical Review D, 89 (5). ISSN 1550-7998

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.052002


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Abstract

The emission of radio waves from air showers has been attributed to the so-called geomagnetic emission process. At frequencies around 50 MHz this process leads to coherent radiation which can be observed with rather simple setups. The direction of the electric field induced by this emission process depends only on the local magnetic field vector and on the incoming direction of the air shower. We report on measurements of the electric field vector where, in addition to this geomagnetic component, another component has been observed that cannot be described by the geomagnetic emission process. The data provide strong evidence that the other electric field component is polarized radially with respect to the shower axis, in agreement with predictions made by Askaryan who described radio emission from particle showers due to a negative charge excess in the front of the shower. Our results are compared to calculations which include the radiation mechanism induced by this charge-excess process.


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© Amer Physical Soc 2014.
Autoría conjunta: Pierre Auger Collaboration. Artículo firmado por más de 400 autores.
We are very grateful to the following agencies and organizations for financial support: Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Fundacion Antorchas, Gobierno De La Provincia de Mendoza, Municipalidad de Malargue, NDM Holdings and Valle Las Le as for their continuing cooperation over land access, Argentina; the Australian Research Council; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) Grants No. 2010/07359-6 and No. 1999/054043, Ministerio de Ciencia e Tecnologia (MCT), Brazil; AVCR, MSMT-CR LG13007, 7AMB12AR013, MSM0021620859, and TACR TA01010517, Czech Republic; Centre de Calcul IN2P3/CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Conseil Regional Ile-de-France, Departement Physique Nucleaire et Corpusculaire (PNC-IN2P3/CNRS), Departement Sciences de l'Univers (SDU-INSU/CNRS), France; Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Finanzministerium Baden-Wurttemberg, Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF), Ministerium fur Wissenschaft und Forschung, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Ministerium fur Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca (MIUR), Gran Sasso Center for Astroparticle Physics (CFA), CETEMPS Center of Excellence, Italy; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT), Mexico; Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap, Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Netherlands; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Grants No. N N202 200239 and No. N N202 207238; The National Centre for Research and Development Grant No. ERA-NET-ASPERA/02/11, Poland; Portuguese national funds and FEDER funds within COMPETE-Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade through Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal; Romanian Authority for Scientific Research ANCS, CNDI-UEFISCDI partnership projects No. 20/2012 and No. 194/2012, Project No. 1/ASPERA2/2012 ERA-NET, PN-II-RU-PD-2011-3-0145-17 and No. PN-II-RU-PD-2011-3-0062, Romania; Ministry for Higher Education, Science, and Technology, Slovenian Research Agency, Slovenia; Comunidad de Madrid, FEDER funds, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion and ConsoliderIngenio 2010 (CPAN), Xunta de Galicia, Spain; The Leverhulme Foundation, Science and Technology Facilities Council, United Kingdom; Department of Energy, Contracts No. DE-AC02-07CH11359, No. DE-FR02-04ER41300, No. DE-FG02-99ER41107; National Science Foundation, Grant No. 0450696, The Grainger Foundation USA; NAFOSTED, Vietnam; Marie Curie-IRSES/EPLANET, European Particle Physics Latin American Network, European Union 7th Framework Program, Grant No. PIRSES-2009-GA-246806; and UNESCO.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Monte-carlo simulations; Cosmic-rays; Codalema; Detector; Pulses; Thunderstorms; Radiation; Signals; Field
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:32440
Deposited On:23 Jul 2015 10:21
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:58

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