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Bar pattern speeds in CALIFA galaxies I. Fast bars across the Hubble sequence



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Marino, Raffaella Anna (2015) Bar pattern speeds in CALIFA galaxies I. Fast bars across the Hubble sequence. Astronomy and astrophysics, 576 . ISSN 0004-6361


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423383


Context. The bar pattern speed (Ω_b) is defined as the rotational frequency of the bar, and it determines the bar dynamics. Several methods have been proposed for measuring Ω_b. The non-parametric method proposed by Tremaine & Weinberg (1984, ApJ, 282, L5; TW) and based on stellar kinematics is the most accurate. This method has been applied so far to 17 galaxies, most of them SB0 and SBa types. Aims. We have applied the TW method to a new sample of 15 strong and bright barred galaxies, spanning a wide range of morphological types from SB0 to SBbc. Combining our analysis with previous studies, we investigate 32 barred galaxies with their pattern speed measured by the TW method. The resulting total sample of barred galaxies allows us to study the dependence of Ω_b on galaxy properties, such as the Hubble type. Methods. We measured Ω_b using the TW method on the stellar velocity maps provided by the integral-field spectroscopy data from the CALIFA survey. Integral-field data solve the problems that long-slit data present when applying the TW method, resulting in the determination of more accurate Ω_b. In addition, we have also derived the ratio R of the corotation radius to the bar length of the galaxies. According to this parameter, bars can be classified as fast (R < 1.4) and slow (R > 1.4). Results. For all the galaxies, R is compatible within the errors with fast bars. We cannot rule out (at 95% level) the fast bar solution for any galaxy. We have not observed any significant trend between R and the galaxy morphological type. Conclusions. Our results indicate that independent of the Hubble type, bars have been formed and then evolve as fast rotators. This observational result will constrain the scenarios of formation and evolution of bars proposed by numerical simulations.

Item Type:Article
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© ESO 2015. Artículo firmado por 28 autores. J.A.L.A. have been partly funded by the Spanish Ministry for Science, project AYA2013-43188-P. J.M.A. acknowledges support from the European Research Council Starting Grant (SEDmorph; P.I. V. Wild). R. A. Marino is funded by the Spanish program of International Campus of Excellence Moncloa (CEI). I.M. acknowledges the financial support from the Spanish grant AYA2010-15169 and from the Junta de Andalucía through TIC-114 and the Excellence Project P08-TIC-03531. R.G.D. and E.P. have been partly funded by Spanish grant AYA2010-1581. J.I.P. acknowledges financial support from MINECO AYA2010-21887-C04-01 grant and from Junta de Andalucía Excellence Project PEX2011-FQM7058. S.F.S. acknowledges support from CONACyT grant 180125. This study makes uses of the data provided by the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey (http://www.califa.caha.es). Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). CALIFA is the first legacy survey being performed at Calar Alto. The CALIFA collaboration would like to thank the IAA-CSIC and MPIA-MPG as major partners of the observatory, and CAHA itself, for the unique access to telescope time and support in manpower and infrastructures. The CALIFA collaboration thanks also the CAHA staff for the dedication to this project. R.G.D., E.P., R.G.B., and C.C.F. wants to thanks finalcial support from AYA2010-15081. J.F.-B. acknowledges support from grant AYA2013-48226-C3-1-P from MINECO.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Tremaine-Weinberg-method; Optical-surface photometry; Field area survey; Spiral galaxies; Disk galaxies; Dark-matter; Stellar bars; Dynamical friction; Secular evolution; Corotation radII
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:33189
Deposited On:23 Sep 2015 16:18
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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