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Probing the very high energy gamma-ray spectral curvature in the blazar PG 1553+113 with the MAGIC telescopes

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Antoranz Canales, Pedro and Barrio Uña, Juan Abel and Bonnefoy, Simon Francois Albert and Contreras González, José Luis and Fonseca González, Mª Victoria and López Moya, Marcos and Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel and Satalecka, Konstanzja and Scapin, Valeria (2015) Probing the very high energy gamma-ray spectral curvature in the blazar PG 1553+113 with the MAGIC telescopes. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 450 (4). pp. 4399-4410. ISSN 0035-8711

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv811




Abstract

PG 1553+113 is a very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray emitter classified as a BL Lac object. Its redshift is constrained by intergalactic absorption lines in the range 0.4 < z < 0.58. The MAGIC telescopes have monitored the source’s activity since 2005. In early 2012, PG 1553+113 was found in a high-state, and later, in April of the same year, the source reached its highest VHE flux state detected so far. Simultaneous observations carried out in X-rays during 2012 April show similar flaring behaviour. In contrast, the γ-ray flux at E < 100 GeV observed by Fermi-LAT is compatible with steady emission. In this paper, a detailed study of the flaring state is presented. The VHE spectrum shows clear curvature, being well fitted either by a power law with an exponential cut-off or by a log-parabola. A simple power-law fit hypothesis for the observed shape of the PG 1553+113 VHE γ-ray spectrum is rejected with a high significance (fit probability P=2.6 ×10−6). The observed curvature is compatible with the extragalactic background light (EBL) imprint predicted by current generation EBL models assuming a redshift z ∼ 0.4. New constraints on the redshift are derived from the VHE spectrum. These constraints are compatible with previous limits and suggest that the source is most likely located around the optical lower limit, z = 0.4, based on the detection of Lyα absorption. Finally, we find that the synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model gives a satisfactory description of the observed multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution during the flare.


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© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The financial support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN and INAF, the Swiss National Fund SNF, the ERDF under the Spanish MINECO, and the Japanese JSPS and MEXT is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by the Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa SEV-2012-0234, CPAN CSD2007-00042, and MultiDark CSD2009-00064 projects of the Spanish Consolider-Ingenio 2010 programme, by grant 268740 of the Academy of Finland, by the Croatian Science Foundation (HrZZ) Project 09/176 and the University of Rijeka Project 13.12.1.3.02, by the DFG Collaborative Research Centers SFB823/C4 and SFB876/C3, and by the Polish MNiSzW grant 745/N-HESS-MAGIC/2010/0. Part of this work has been possible with the support of the Cluster of Excellence: ”Connecting Particles with the Cosmos”, part of the Landesexzellenzinitiative Hamburg. The authors thank to S. Buson, J. Finke, J. Perkins and A. Neronov for their comments and contributions. JBG would like to thanks to M. Raue for useful discussions. The Fermi LAT Collaboration acknowledges generous ongoing support from a number of agencies and institutes that have supported both the development and the operation of the LAT as well as scientific data analysis. These include the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Energy in the United States, the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique / Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules in France, the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana and the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare in Italy, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in Japan, and the K. A. Wallenberg Foundation, the Swedish Research Council and the Swedish National Space Board in Sweden. Additional support for science analysis during the operations phase is gratefully acknowledged from the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica in Italy and the Centre National d’Études Spatiales in France. We thank the Swift team duty scientists and science planners for making these observations possible; The OVRO 40-m monitoring program is supported in part by NASA grants NNX08AW31G and NNX11A043G, and NSF grants AST-0808050 and AST-1109911. The Metsähovi team acknowledges support from the Academy of Finland to our observing projects (numbers 212656, 210338, 121148, and others).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Extragalactic backgrounds light, BL lacertae objects,Large-area telescope, Swift ultraviolet/optical telescope, X-ray, Multiwavelenght observations, Crab-nebula, Upper limit, Fermi, Radiation.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
ID Code:33753
Deposited On:02 Nov 2015 13:02
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:57

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