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Corn stalk from agricultural residue used as reinforcement fiber in fibercement production

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Jarabo, Rocío and Monte Lara, María Concepción and Fuente González, Elena de la and Santos, S.F. and Negro Álvarez, Carlos Manuel (2013) Corn stalk from agricultural residue used as reinforcement fiber in fibercement production. Industrial Crops and Products, 43 . pp. 832-839. ISSN 0926-6690 (Print), 1872-633x (Online)

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012005080



Abstract

In the last few years an increasing high interest has been drawn to the potential use of agricultural waste as raw material to produce structural reinforcement fibers for building materials, due to environmental and economical aspects. Corn is the world's most produced cereal in terms of quantity, what entails the generation of large quantities of waste. Despite this fact, only a few research works concerned with the use of fibers from waste corn stalks in the production of fiber-cement have been published and there is a complete lack of data on the characterization of these fibers.
The objective of this research is to study the feasibility of using fibers obtained from corn stalk as reinforcement fibers in the production of fiber-cement through new environmentally friendly cooking methods. This study encompasses the morphological characterization of the fibers and the study of the effects that the use of these fibers has on the flocculation, retention and drainage of the fiber-cement suspensions and on the mechanical and physical properties of the final product.
The results obtained in the tests confirmed the high potential of the corn stalk as a source of fibers for the manufacture of a fiber-cement capable of meeting the requirements of demanding applications.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Drainage; Flocculation; Mechanical properties; Physical properties; Zea Mays L.
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
Sciences > Chemistry > Waste products
ID Code:34418
Deposited On:24 Nov 2015 15:30
Last Modified:07 Dec 2015 15:45

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