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Tracing kinematic (mis)alignments in CALIFA merging galaxies. Stellar and ionized gas kinematic orientations at every merger stage

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Marino, Raffaella Anna and otros, ... (2015) Tracing kinematic (mis)alignments in CALIFA merging galaxies. Stellar and ionized gas kinematic orientations at every merger stage. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 582 . ISSN 1432-0746

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424935




Abstract

We present spatially resolved stellar and/or ionized gas kinematic properties for a sample of 103 interacting galaxies, tracing all merger stages: close companions, pairs with morphological signatures of interaction, and coalesced merger remnants. In order to distinguish kinematic properties caused by a merger event from those driven by internal processes, we compare our galaxies with a control sample of 80 non-interacting galaxies. We measure for both the stellar and the ionized gas components the major (projected) kinematic position angles (PA_kin, approaching and receding) directly from the velocity distributions with no assumptions on the internal motions. This method also allow us to derive the deviations of the kinematic PAs from a straight line (δPA_kin). We find that around half of the interacting objects show morpho-kinematic PA misalignments that cannot be found in the control sample. In particular, we observe those misalignments in galaxies with morphological signatures of interaction. On the other hand, the level of alignment between the approaching and receding sides for both samples is similar, with most of the galaxies displaying small misalignments. Radial deviations of the kinematic PA orientation from a straight line in the stellar component measured by δPA_kin are large for both samples. However, for a large fraction of interacting galaxies the ionized gas δPA_kin is larger than the typical values derived from isolated galaxies (48%), indicating that this parameter is a good indicator to trace the impact of interaction and mergers in the internal motions of galaxies. By comparing the stellar and ionized gas kinematic PA, we find that 42% (28/66) of the interacting galaxies have misalignments larger than 16 degrees, compared to 10% from the control sample. Our results show the impact of interactions in the motion of stellar and ionized gas as well as the wide the variety of their spatially resolved kinematic distributions. This study also provides a local Universe benchmark for kinematic studies in merging galaxies at high redshift.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© ESO, 2015. Artículo firmado por 29 autores. The authors thank the referee for her/his useful comments and suggestions. This study makes use of the data provided by the Calar Alto Legacy Field Area (CALIFA) survey (http://www.califa.caha.es). Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). CALIFA is the first legacy survey performed at the Calar Alto. The CALIFA collaboration would like to thank the IAA-CSIC and MPIA-MPG as major partners of the observatory, and CAHA itself, for the unique access to the telescope time and support in manpower and infrastructures. The CALIFA collaboration also thanks the CAHA staff for the dedication to this project. J.B.-B. and B.G.-L acknowledge support from the Plan Nacional de I+D+i (PNAYA) funding programs (AYA2012-39408-C02-02-1 and AYA2013-41656-P) of Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO). J.F.B. acknowledges support from the Plan Nacional de I+D+i (PNAYA) funding programs from MINECO (AYA2013-48226-03-1-P, RAVET) A.M.-I. acknowledges support from Agence Nationale de la Recherche through the STILISM project (ANR-12-BS05-0016-02) and from BMBF through the Erasmus-F project (grant number 05 A12BA1). I.M. acknowledges financial support by MINECO grant AYA 2010-15169, Junta de Andalucía TIC114 and Proyecto de Excelencia de la Junta de Andalucía P08-TIC-03531. J.M.A. and V.W. acknowledge support from the European Research Council Starting Grant (SEDmorph; P.I. V. Wild). J.I.P. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish MINECO under grant AYA2013-47742-C04-1 and from Junta de Andalucía Excellence Project PEX2011-FQM7058. R.A.M is funded by the Spanish program of International Campus of Excellence Moncloa (CEI). L.V.M. acknowledges support from the grant AYA2011-30491-C02-01 co-financed by MICINN and FEDER funds, and the Junta de Andalucía (Spain) grants P08-FQM-4205 and TIC-114.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Ultraluminous infrared galaxies; Digital sky survey; Integral field spectroscopy; Supermassive black-holes; Forming galaxies; Disk galaxies; Area survey; Equal-mass; Interacting galaxies; Velocity-fields
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:34862
Deposited On:17 Dec 2015 15:14
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:05

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