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Chronopotentiometric study of a Nafion membrane in presence of glucose

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Freijanes, Y. and Barragán García, Vicenta María and Muñoz, S. (2016) Chronopotentiometric study of a Nafion membrane in presence of glucose. Journal of Membrane Science, 510 . pp. 79-90. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.02.054




Abstract

Chronopotentiometric and swelling experiments have been conducted to characterize the behavior of a Nafion membrane in NaCl and KCl aqueous solutions without and with glucose. A mixture solution with similar composition to the cerebrospinal fluid and blood plasma has also been studied. From the chronotentiograms, current-voltage curves have been obtained, and the values of the limiting current density, diffusion boundary layer thickness, difference between counter-ion transport number in membrane and free solution, and transition times have been determined for the investigated membrane systems. The obtained results indicate that the presence of glucose affects the ion transport through the membrane depending on the electrolyte and glucose concentrations. At low electrolyte concentration, experimental transition times are found to be smaller in presence of glucose, which has been related to an effective membrane area reduction in presence of glucose. The membrane system corresponding to the mixture solution shows a behavior similar to the single high concentration NaCl membrane system, indicating that the observed behavior is mainly associated to the Na^+ ions transport in higher proportion. In this case, the glucose presence does not affect significantly the investigated properties of the membrane, which is interesting for its utilization in a glucose fuel cell.


Item Type:Article
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© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
The authors would be like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve the quality of the paper. Financial support of this work by Banco de Santander and Universidad Complutense de Madrid within the framework of Projects 910358 and 910305 UCM Research Group-GR3/14 is gratefully acknowledged.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Ion-exchange membranes; Transport-properties; Fuel-cell; Concentration polarization; Limiting current; Biofuel cells; Surface; Time; Convection; Chloride
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:38023
Deposited On:08 Jun 2016 15:31
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:04

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