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Employment status and health in Spain before and after the Great Recession



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Sanchez-Moreno, Esteban and Gallardo-Peralta, Lorena P. and Barrón López de Roda, Ana and Arias-Astray, Andrés and de la Fuente-Roldan, I.-N. (2016) Employment status and health in Spain before and after the Great Recession. Social Currents . ISSN 2329-4965

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2329496516636402


This article analyzes the relationship between employment status (ES), on one hand, and self-rated health and psychological distress, on the other, in the context of the Great Recession beginning in 2008. For this purpose, it is necessary to move beyond the employment/unemployment dichotomy characteristics of previous theories and research concerning the relationship between the labor market, recession, and health. The authors use data from the Spanish National Health Surveys in 2006 (n = 15,128), before the crisis, and in 2012 (n = 11,124), when its consequences had taken effect. The results of the regression analysis indicate a structural change in the relationship between ES and health. Health inequality patterns changed during the crisis, with increased deterioration in the health of unemployed, especially the long-term unemployed, and self-employed workers. Health inequalities were reduced for temporary workers. The results support the idea that the structure of the association between ES and health varies according to the economic cycle. The association between recession, ES, and health would be directly related to the specific characteristics of the economic and employment contexts under study. In the Spanish case, labor market segmentation processes based on numerical flexibility—a key feature of the Mediterranean Variety of Capitalism—may explain the results obtained.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Health, Labor market inequalities, Labor market segmentation, Psychological distress, Temporary employment, Unemployment
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Social psychology
ID Code:38328
Deposited On:14 Sep 2016 12:28
Last Modified:29 Nov 2018 13:02

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