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The Climate-system Historical Forecast Project: do stratosphere-resolving models make better seasonal climate predictions in boreal winter?

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Calvo Fernández, Natalia and Iza San Juan, Maddalen and otros, ... (2016) The Climate-system Historical Forecast Project: do stratosphere-resolving models make better seasonal climate predictions in boreal winter? Quarterly journal of the royal meteorological society, 142 (696). pp. 1413-1427. ISSN 0035-9009

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.2743




Abstract

Using an international, multi-model suite of historical forecasts from the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Climate-system Historical Forecast Project (CHFP), we compare the seasonal prediction skill in boreal wintertime between models that resolve the stratosphere and its dynamics (high-top') and models that do not (low-top'). We evaluate hindcasts that are initialized in November, and examine the model biases in the stratosphere and how they relate to boreal wintertime (December-March) seasonal forecast skill. We are unable to detect more skill in the high-top ensemble-mean than the low-top ensemble-mean in forecasting the wintertime North Atlantic Oscillation, but model performance varies widely. Increasing the ensemble size clearly increases the skill for a given model. We then examine two major processes involving stratosphere-troposphere interactions (the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO)) and how they relate to predictive skill on intraseasonal to seasonal time-scales, particularly over the North Atlantic and Eurasia regions. High-top models tend to have a more realistic stratospheric response to El Niño and the QBO compared to low-top models. Enhanced conditional wintertime skill over high latitudes and the North Atlantic region during winters with El Niño conditions suggests a possible role for a stratospheric pathway.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© Wiley-Blackwell. All rights reserved.
Artículo firmado por 24 autores.
We acknowledge the WCRP/CLIVAR Working Group on Seasonal to Interannual Prediction (WGSIP) for establishing the Climate-system Historical Forecast Project (CHFP: Kirtman and Pirani, 2009) and the Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera (CIMA) for providing the model output. We also thank the data providers for making the model output available through CHFP. We have no potential sources of conflict of interest. The contribution of AYK is funded by the Academy of Finland, project no. 286298.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Quasi-biennial oscillation; North-Atlantic oscillation; Low-top versions; CMIP5 models; El niño; Arctic oscillation; Hemisphere winter; Gravity-waves; Skill; Predictability
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:38405
Deposited On:05 Jul 2016 14:57
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:04

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