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Prevalence of SOS-mediated control of integron integrase expression as an adaptive trait of chromosomal and mobile integrons

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Cambray, Guillaume and Sanchez Alberola, Neus and Campoy, Susana and Guerin, Emilie and Da Re, Sandra and González Zorn, Bruno and Ploy, Marie-Cécile and Barbé, Jordi and Mazel, Didier and Erill, Ivan (2011) Prevalence of SOS-mediated control of integron integrase expression as an adaptive trait of chromosomal and mobile integrons. Mobile DNA, 2 (1). p. 6. ISSN 1759-8753

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Official URL: http://mobilednajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1759-8753-2-6



Abstract

BACKGROUND

Integrons are found in hundreds of environmental bacterial species, but are mainly known as the agents responsible for the capture and spread of antibiotic-resistance determinants between Gram-negative pathogens. The SOS response is a regulatory network under control of the repressor protein LexA targeted at addressing DNA damage, thus promoting genetic variation in times of stress. We recently reported a direct link between the SOS response and the expression of integron integrases in Vibrio cholerae and a plasmid-borne class 1 mobile integron. SOS regulation enhances cassette swapping and capture in stressful conditions, while freezing the integron in steady environments. We conducted a systematic study of available integron integrase promoter sequences to analyze the extent of this relationship across the Bacteria domain.

RESULTS

Our results showed that LexA controls the expression of a large fraction of integron integrases by binding to Escherichia coli-like LexA binding sites. In addition, the results provide experimental validation of LexA control of the integrase gene for another Vibrio chromosomal integron and for a multiresistance plasmid harboring two integrons. There was a significant correlation between lack of LexA control and predicted inactivation of integrase genes, even though experimental evidence also indicates that LexA regulation may be lost to enhance expression of integron cassettes.

CONCLUSIONS

Ancestral-state reconstruction on an integron integrase phylogeny led us to conclude that the ancestral integron was already regulated by LexA. The data also indicated that SOS regulation has been actively preserved in mobile integrons and large chromosomal integrons, suggesting that unregulated integrase activity is selected against. Nonetheless, additional adaptations have probably arisen to cope with unregulated integrase activity. Identifying them may be fundamental in deciphering the uneven distribution of integrons in the Bacteria domain.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary
ID Code:39682
Deposited On:21 Dec 2016 12:58
Last Modified:21 Dec 2016 12:58

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