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Introduction of African Swine Fever into the European Union through Illegal Importation of Pork and Pork Products

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Gubbins, Simon and Costard, Solenne and Jones, Bryony Anne and Martínez López, Beatriz and Mur, Lina and de la Torre, Ana and Martínez, Marta and Sánchez Vizcaíno, Fernando and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel and Pfeiffer, Dirk Udo and Wieland, Barbara (2013) Introduction of African Swine Fever into the European Union through Illegal Importation of Pork and Pork Products. PLoS ONE, 8 (4). e61104. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061104



Abstract

Transboundary animal diseases can have very severe socio-economic impacts when introduced into new regions. The history of disease incursions into the European Union suggests that initial outbreaks were often initiated by illegal importation of meat and derived products. The European Union would benefit from decision-support tools to evaluate the risk of disease introduction caused by illegal imports in order to inform its surveillance strategy. However, due to the difficulty in quantifying illegal movements of animal products, very few studies of this type have been conducted. Using African swine fever as an example, this work presents a novel risk assessment framework for disease introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of meat and products. It uses a semi-quantitative approach based on factors that likely influence the likelihood of release of contaminated smuggled meat and products, and subsequent exposure of the susceptible population. The results suggest that the European Union is at non-negligible risk of African swine fever.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary
ID Code:39709
Deposited On:21 Dec 2016 09:49
Last Modified:22 Dec 2016 11:55

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