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Synchronization of Heteroclinic Circuits Through Learning in Chains of Neural Motifs

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Makarov, Valeri A. and Calvo, Carlos and Gallego, V. and Selskii, Anton (2016) Synchronization of Heteroclinic Circuits Through Learning in Chains of Neural Motifs. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 49 (14). pp. 80-83. ISSN 24058963

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405896316312745


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Abstract

The synchronization of oscillatory activity in networks of neural networks is usually implemented through coupling the state variables describing neuronal dynamics. In this study we discuss another but complementary mechanism based on a learning process with memory. A driver network motif, acting as a teacher, exhibits winner-less competition (WLC) dynamics, while a driven motif, a learner, tunes its internal couplings according to the oscillations observed in the teacher. We show that under appropriate training the learner motif can dynamically copy the coupling pattern of the teacher and thus synchronize oscillations with the teacher. Then, we demonstrate that the replication of the WLC dynamics occurs for intermediate memory lengths only. In a unidirectional chain of N motifs coupled through teacher-learner paradigm the time interval required for pattern replication grows linearly with the chain size, hence the learning process does not blow up and at the end we observe phase synchronized oscillations along the chain. We also show that in a learning chain closed into a ring the network motifs come to a consensus, i.e. to a state with the same connectivity pattern corresponding to the mean initial pattern averaged over all network motifs.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Learning; Network motifs; Nonlinear dynamics; Synchronization
Subjects:Sciences > Mathematics
ID Code:39775
Deposited On:02 Nov 2016 08:50
Last Modified:12 Dec 2018 15:06

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