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High resolution transmission electron microscopy: A key tool to understand drug release from mesoporous matrices

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Martínez Carmona, Marina and Colilla, Montserrat and Ruiz González, M. Luisa and González Calbet, José M. and Vallet Regí, María (2016) High resolution transmission electron microscopy: A key tool to understand drug release from mesoporous matrices. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 225 . pp. 399-410. ISSN 1387-1811

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Official URL: https://www.elsevier.com/



Abstract

This work demonstrates that high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) is an essential tool to understand drug delivery performance of mesoporous silica materials, mainly those submitted to functionalization processes involving harsh conditions that may affect the mesostructure. Herein an SBA-15-type mesoporous material bearing Si(CH2)(2)P(O)(OCH2CH3)(2) groups was synthesized following the co-condensation route. Then, the resulting material was treated with 37 wt% HCl to convert ethylphosphonate groups to ethylphosphonic acid groups. The proper dealkylation of ethoxy groups following acid treatment was confirmed by FTIR and CP-MAS H-1 -> C-13 solid state NMR, which indicated the presence of Si(CH2)(2)P(O)(OH)(2) functionalities in the treated sample. Characterization of mesoporous materials by XRD diffraction and N-2 adsorption points to well-ordered SBA-15 structures in both untreated and acid-treated samples. Nonetheless, a deep study by HRTEM reveals that the acid-treatment provokes noticeable loss of mesostructural order, only remaining small crystalline domains. This structural damage does not influence cargo loading but it severely affects the release of molecules confined into the mesopores, as concluded from in vitro delivery tests using cephalexin as model drug. Thus, whereas untreated sample showed a sustained diffusion-controlled drug release during more than 2 weeks, 100% of the loaded drug was released only after 10 h from treated sample. This abrupt burst effect cannot be explained on the basis of the existing matrix-drug interactions, whose nature and extension is quite similar under the release conditions for both samples. Thus, it can be only understood on the basis of the mesostructural damage revealed by HRTEM studies. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí)
ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Silica-based mesoporous materials, Functionalization, Mesostructural order, High resolution transmission electron microscopy, Drug delivery
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Inorganic
ID Code:40833
Deposited On:01 Feb 2017 10:25
Last Modified:02 May 2018 23:01

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