Universidad Complutense de Madrid
E-Prints Complutense

A century of Shope Papillomavirusin Museum Rabbit Specimens

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Escudero Duch, Clara and Williams, Richard and Timm, Robert M. and Pérez Tris, Javier and Benítez Rico, Laura (2015) A century of Shope Papillomavirusin Museum Rabbit Specimens. Plos One, 10 (7). pp. 1-16. ISSN ESSN: 1932-6203

[img]
Preview
PDF
Creative Commons Attribution.

6MB

Official URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0132172



Abstract

Sylvilagus floridanus Papillomavirus (SfPV) causes growth of large horn-like tumors on rabbits. SfPV was described in cottontail rabbits (probably Sylvilagus floridanus) from Kansas and Iowa by Richard Shope in 1933, and detected in S. audubonii in 2011. It is known almost exclusively from the US Midwest. We explored the University of Kansas Natural History Museum for historical museum specimens infected with SfPV, using molecular techniques, to assess if additional wild species host SfPV, and whether SfPV occurs throughout the host range, or just in the Midwest. Secondary aims were to detect distinct strains, and evidence for strain spatio-temporal specificity. We found 20 of 1395 rabbits in the KU collection SfPV symptomatic. Three of 17 lagomorph species (S. nuttallii, and the two known hosts) were symptomatic, while Brachylagus, Lepus and eight additional Sylvilagus species were not. 13 symptomatic individuals were positive by molecular testing, including the first S. nuttallii detection. Prevalence of symptomatic individuals was significantly higher in Sylvilagus (1.8%) than Lepus. Half of these specimens came from Kansas, though new molecular detections were obtained from Jalisco—Mexico’s first—and Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas, USA. We document the oldest lab-confirmed case (Kansas, 1915), predating Shope’s first case. SfPV amplification was possible from 63.2% of symptomatic museum specimens. Using multiple methodologies, rolling circle amplification and, multiple isothermal displacement amplification in addition to PCR, greatly improved detection rates. Short sequences were obtained from six individuals for two genes. L1 gene sequences were identical to all previously detected sequences; E7 gene sequences, were more variable, yielding five distinct SfPV1 strains that differing by less than 2% from strains circulating in the Midwest and Mexico, between 1915 and 2005. Our results do not clarify whether strains are host species specific, though they are consistent with SfPV specificity to genus Sylvilagus.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Rabbits; Polymerase chain reaction; Kansas; Museum collections; DNA extraction; Phylogeneticanalysis; Sequence alignment; Sequence analysis
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:41940
Deposited On:28 Mar 2017 10:25
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:30

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page