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Plant–pathogen interactions: Sugarcane glycoproteins induce chemotaxis of smut teliospores by cyclic contraction and relaxation of the cytoskeleton

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Sánchez Elordi, Elena and Vicente Manzanares, M. and Díaz Peña, Eva María and Legaz González, María Estrella and Vicente Córdoba, Carlos (2016) Plant–pathogen interactions: Sugarcane glycoproteins induce chemotaxis of smut teliospores by cyclic contraction and relaxation of the cytoskeleton. South African Journal of Botany, 105 . pp. 66-78. ISSN 0254-6299

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02546299



Abstract

A fraction of active glycoproteins isolated from sugarcane cultivars resistant to smut (Sporisorium scitamineum) contains several peptides with different biological activities. One of these proteins is active as a positive chemotactic stimulus on smut teliospores. The displacement of teliospores in a liquid medium to a source containing these glycoproteins describes a Gaussian kinetic both versus time and versus the amount of glycoprotein used as a stimulating agent. Confocal and both transmission and scanning electronic microscopy show that the displacement of teliospores toward glycoprotein source is achieved by consecutive episodes of cell contraction–relaxation in which the cytoskeleton is involved. The chemotactic movement of teliospores is strongly inhibited by phalloidin and latrunculin A, which implies F-actin polymerization and depolymerization cycles, and by blebbistatin, which implies a contractile protein similar to a myosin II, responsible for the contraction–relaxation of the cytoskeleton. Both proteins have been revealed by Western blot. In addition, microtubules seem to be also involved in the process since nocodazole inhibits chemotactic displacement. Fungal teliospores secrete several of their own proteins to the incubation media that increase teliospore germination and cytoagglutination although they are inactive to induce displacement.


Item Type:Article
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Saccharum officinarum; Sporisorium scitamineum; F-actin; Chemotaxis; Contractile protein; Cytoskeleton; Myosin
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Botany
Medical sciences > Biology > Plant physiology
ID Code:42145
Deposited On:06 Apr 2017 11:54
Last Modified:09 Apr 2019 09:20

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