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Unravelling the interactions among microbial populations found in activated sludge with incidence on biofilm formation

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Liébana, Raquel and Arregui García-Rovés, Lucía and Santos de la Sen, Antonio and Murciano Cespedosa, Antonio and Marquina Díaz, Domingo and Serrano Barrero, Susana Lourdes (2016) Unravelling the interactions among microbial populations found in activated sludge with incidence on biofilm formation. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 92 (9). ISSN 0168-6496, ESSN: 1574-6941

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Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article-abstract/92/9/fiw134/2197791/Unravelling-the-interactions-among-microbial?redirectedFrom=fulltext



Abstract

Microorganisms colonize surfaces and develop biofilms through interactions not yet thoroughly understood, with important implications in water and wastewater systems. This study has investigated the interactions between N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL)-producing bacteria, yeasts and protists, and their contribution to biofilm development. Sixty-one bacterial strains were isolated from activated sludge and screened for AHL production, with Aeromonas sp. found to be the dominant AHLproducer. Shewanella xiamenensis, Aeromonas allosaccharophila, Acinetobacter junii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa recorded the highest adherence capabilities, with S. xiamenensis being the most effective in surface colonization. Additionally, highly significant interactions (i.e., synergic or antagonistic) were described for dual and multistrain mixtures of bacterial strains (P. aeruginosa, S. xiamenensis, A. junii and P. stutzeri), as well as for strongly adherent bacteria co-cultured with yeasts. In this last case, the adhered biomass in co-cultures was lower than the monospecific biofilms of bacteria and yeast, with biofilm observations by microscopy suggesting that bacteria had an antagonist effect on the whole or part of the yeast population. Finally, protist predation by Euplotes sp. and Paramecium sp. on A. hydrophila biofilms not only failed to reduce biofilm formation, but also recorded unexpected results leading to the development of aggregates of high density and complexity.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biofilms, Quorum sensing, AHL-producing bacteria, Predation, Yeast, Protist
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:42327
Deposited On:25 Apr 2017 10:25
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:30

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