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A european database of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum Trichothecene genotypes

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Pasquali, Matias and Beyer, Marco and Logrieco, Antonio and Audenaert, Kris and Balmas, Virgilio and Basler, Ryan and Boutigny, Anne-Laure and Chrpová, Jana and Czembor, Elbźieta and Gagkaeva, Tatiana and González Jaén, María Teresa and Hofgaard, Ingerd S. and Köycü, Nagehan D. and Hoffmann, Lucien and Lević, Jelena and Marín García, Patricia and Miedaner, Thomas and Migheli, Quirico and Moretti, Antonio and Müller, Marina E. H. and Munaut, François and Parikka, Päivi and Pallez-Barthel, Marine and Piec, Jonathan and Scauflaire, Jonathan and Scherm, Barbara and Stanković, Slavica and Thrane, Ulf and Uhlig, Silvio and Vanheule, Adriaan and Yli-Mattila, Tapani and Vogelgsang, Susanne (2016) A european database of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum Trichothecene genotypes. Frontiers in microbiology, 7 . pp. 1-11. ISSN ESSN: 1664-302X

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Official URL: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00406/full



Abstract

Fusarium species, particularly Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum, are the main cause of trichothecene type B contamination in cereals. Data on the distribution of Fusarium trichothecene genotypes in cereals in Europe are scattered in time and space. Furthermore, a common core set of related variables (sampling method, host cultivar, previous crop, etc.) that would allow more effective analysis of factors influencing the spatial and temporal population distribution, is lacking. Consequently, based on the available data, it is difficult to identify factors influencing chemotype distribution and spread at the European level. Here we describe the results of a collaborative integrated work which aims (1) to characterize the trichothecene genotypes of strains from three Fusarium species, collected over the period 2000–2013 and (2) to enhance the standardization of epidemiological data collection. Information on host plant, country of origin, sampling location, year of sampling and previous crop of 1147 F. graminearum, 479 F. culmorum, and 3 F. cortaderiae strains obtained from 17 European countries was compiled and a map of trichothecene type B genotype distribution was plotted for each species. All information on the strains was collected in a freely accessible and updatable database (www.catalogueeu.luxmcc.lu), which will serve as a starting point for epidemiological analysis of potential spatial and temporal trichothecene genotype shifts in Europe. The analysis of the currently available European dataset showed that in F. graminearum, the predominant genotype was 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON) (82.9%), followed by 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON) (13.6%), and nivalenol (NIV) (3.5%). In F. culmorum, the prevalent genotype was 3-ADON (59.9%), while the NIV genotype accounted for the remaining 40.1%. Both, geographical and temporal patterns of trichothecene genotypes distribution were identified.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acetyldeoxynivalenol; Chemotype; Database; Fusarium; genotype; Mycotoxin; Nivalenol, Trichothecene
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
ID Code:42987
Deposited On:30 May 2017 10:39
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:30

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