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Identification of suitable areas for West Nile virus outbreaks in equid populations for application in surveillance plans: the example of the Castile and Leon region of Spain

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Rodríguez Prieto, Víctor and Martínez López, Beatriz and Martínez Avilés, Marta and Muñoz Reoyo, María Jesús and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel (2012) Identification of suitable areas for West Nile virus outbreaks in equid populations for application in surveillance plans: the example of the Castile and Leon region of Spain. Epidemiology and Infection, 140 (09). pp. 1617-1631. ISSN 0950-2688

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268811002366



Abstract

The introduction and rapid spread of West Nile virus (WNV) into new areas such as the American continent, associated also with the severity of the disease in humans and equids has increased concerns regarding the need to better prevent and control future WNV incursions. WNV outbreaks in equids usually occur under specific climatic and environmental conditions and, typically, before detection of WNV cases in humans. Targeting surveillance strategies in areas and time periods identified as suitable for WNV outbreaks in equids may act as an early-warning system to prevent disease in both equids and humans. This study used a GIS-based framework to identify suitable areas and time periods for WNV outbreak occurrence in one of the most important areas of equid production in Spain, i.e. Castile and Leon. Methods and results presented here may help to improve the early detection and control of future WNV outbreaks in Spain and other regions.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:West Nile, risk mapping, target surveillance, weighted linear combination, Spain.
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary
ID Code:43031
Deposited On:17 Aug 2017 12:01
Last Modified:22 Aug 2017 08:52

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