Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Middle Triassic carbonate platforms in eastern Iberia: Evolution of their fauna and palaeogeographic significance in the western Tethys



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Escudero Mozo, María José y Márquez Aliaga, Ana y Goy Goy, Antonio y Martín Chivelet, Javier y López Gómez, José Trinidad y Márquez, Leopoldo y Arche, Alfredo y Plasencia, Pablo y Pla, C. y Marzo, M. y Sánchez Fernández, D. (2015) Middle Triassic carbonate platforms in eastern Iberia: Evolution of their fauna and palaeogeographic significance in the western Tethys. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 417 . pp. 236-260. ISSN 0031-0182

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URL Oficial: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.10.041

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This article reports the first integrated study of the Middle Triassic of Iberia, based on the stratigraphy, sedimentology, and fossil fauna of Muschelkalk facies of the Iberian Ranges and the Catalan Coastal Ranges in Spain. On the basis of this study, new palaeogeographic reconstructions of the westernmost Tethys are proposed, and the evolution of the different palaeogeographic domains of Iberia (e.g., Iberian, Mediterranean, and Levantine– Balearic) are described. In these domains, Muschelkalk facies record the development of wide carbonate platforms that were the consequence of the first two broad marine transgressions of the Mesozoic in Iberia, respectively, late Pelsonian–early Illyrian and late Illyrian–Longobardian. Of these marine incursions, the oldest only manifested in the Mediterranean Triassic domain (Catalan Coastal Ranges and part of the Iberian Ranges), which acted as a palaeogeographic gulf opening northwards. Most of the fauna related to this first incursion show strong affinities with the Alpine/ Germanic bioprovinces, related to the Palaeotethys. In contrast, the second transgressive episode took place in a new regional palaeogeographic setting related to the intra-Pangea dextral shear, and the northward movement
of the Cimmerian microcontinent. A rapid sea-level rise induced generalised marine flooding of the Iberian,
Mediterranean, and Levantine–Balearic Triassic domains. The resulting carbonate platforms yield fossil ssemblages (ammonoids, bivalves, foraminifera and conodonts) that show affinities with those of both the Alpine and Sephardic bioprovinces related to the Neotethys. These assemblages point to a significant increase in diversity during the late Fassanian–Longobardian, possibly related to the prevailing wider connections between the sea corridors, an increased continental run-off and input of nutrients and/or a general cooling of marine waters

Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Ammonoids, Bivalves, Foraminifera, Conodonts, Anisian, Ladinian
Materias:Ciencias > Geología > Geología estratigráfica
Ciencias > Geología > Paleontología
Código ID:43439
Depositado:05 Jul 2017 07:41
Última Modificación:11 Dic 2018 08:41

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