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Tear Film Osmolarity in Response to Long-Term Orthokeratology Treatment

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Nieto Bona, Amelia and Nombela Palomo, María and Felipe Márquez, Gema and Teus Guezala, Miguel Ángel (2016) Tear Film Osmolarity in Response to Long-Term Orthokeratology Treatment. Eye & contact lens: science & clinical practice . ISSN 1542-2321 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000347




Abstract

Purpose: To compare tear film osmolarity (TFO) measurements in non-contact lens (CL) wearers and wearers of hydrogel or overnight orthokeratology (OK) CLs, and to assess possible effects of long-term OK on TFO.
Methods: Overall, 108 subjects with moderate myopia participated in 2 experiments, and TFO was measured using the TearLab osmolarity system. In experiment 1, TFO measurements were made in 77 right eyes of 23 non-CL wearers, 26 hydrogel wearers, and 28 OK wearers. Subjects in the last 2 groups had worn their CL for at least 3 years. In experiment 2, 31 individuals (habitual soft CL wearers) were enrolled for prospective long-term follow-up of OK treatment. These subjects were fitted with Paragon-CRT (n=16) or Seefree (n=15) lenses, and TFO readings were taken at baseline and after 1 month and 1 year of lens wear and after 1 month of OK treatment interruption.
Results: Values of TFO were within the normal limits in all 3 subject groups, although significantly lower osmolarities (P<0.01) were observed in non-CL wearers (281.7+/-5.9 mOsm/L) compared with hydrogel (291+/-16.5 mOsm/L) or OK lens wearers (301.7+/-10.8 mOsm/L). In experiment 2, TFO differed significantly at baseline between the Paragon-CRT and Seefree groups (P<0.05), and a significant decrease in TFO compared with baseline (P<0.01) was observed in the Paragon-CRT group after 1 month of cessation of lens wear.
Conclusion: Higher TFO values were observed in lens wearers (hydrogel or OK) than non-CL wearers. After interruption of OK treatment, TFO returned to similar values to those found in non-CL wearers.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Accepted September 25, 2016.
Post Author Corrections: November 16, 2016.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Tear film osmolarity, Overnight orthokeratology, Contact lenses, TearLab osmolarity system
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Ophtalmology
Medical sciences > Optics > Contact lenses
Medical sciences > Optics > Optometry
ID Code:43549
Deposited On:04 Jul 2017 11:31
Last Modified:16 Nov 2017 00:01

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