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Wine yeasts identification by MALDI-TOF MS: Optimization of the preanalytical steps and development of an extensible open-source platform for processing and analysis of an in-house MS database

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Gutiérrez, Cristina and Gómez Flechoso, María de los Ángeles and Belda Aguilar, Ignacio and Ruiz, Javier and Kayali, Nour and Polo, Luis and Santos de la Sen, Antonio (2017) Wine yeasts identification by MALDI-TOF MS: Optimization of the preanalytical steps and development of an extensible open-source platform for processing and analysis of an in-house MS database. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 254 . pp. 1-10. ISSN 0168-1605

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/international-journal-of-food-microbiology/



Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most important yeast species for the production of wine and other beverages. In addition, nowadays, researchers and winemakers are aware of the influence of non-Saccharomyces in wine aroma complexity. Due to the high microbial diversity associated to several agro-food processes, such as winemaking, developing fast and accurate methods for microbial identification is demanded. In this context, MALDI-TOF MS mass fingerprint provides reliable tool for fast biotyping and classification of microorganisms. However, there is no versatile and standardized method for fungi currently available. In this study, an optimized sample preparation protocol was devised for the biotyping of yeasts of oenological origin.
Taking into account that commercially available reference databases comprise almost exclusively clinical microorganisms, most of them bacteria, in the present study a database of yeasts isolated from vineyards and wineries was created, and its accuracy was tested using industrial and laboratory yeast strains. In addition, the implementation of a program for MALDI-TOF MS spectra analysis has been developed as an extensible open-source platform for MALDI data processing and analysis with statistical techniques that has arisen from our previous experience working with MALDI data. The software integrates two R packages for raw MALDI data preprocessing: Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT)-based algorithm and MassSpecWavelet. One of the advantages of the CWT is that it can be directly applied to a raw spectrum, without prior baseline correction.
Mass fingerprints of 109 S. cerevisiae strains and 107 non-Saccharomyces isolates were generated by MALDI-TOF MS upon optimized sample preparation and instrument settings and analyzed for strain, species, and genus-level differentiation. As a reference method, for S. cerevisiae differentiation at strain level, the analysis of the polymorphism in the inter-delta region was chosen. The data revealed that MALDI-TOF MS can be used for the rapid and accurate identification of S. cerevisiae and non-Saccharomyces isolates at genus and species level. However, S. cerevisiae differentiation at strain level was not successfully achieved, and the differentiation among Metschnikowia species was also difficult.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Wine yeasts; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Non-Saccharomyces; MALDI-TOF MS; Yeast identification
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology
Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:43799
Deposited On:05 Jul 2017 16:12
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:30

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